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Resultados 1 - 20 de 545.828
2.

Screening for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a psychiatric emergency setting

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 159-168; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: (i) to assess the prevalence of PTSD in a psychiatric emergency setting by means of a diagnostic instrument and to compare it with PTSD-prevalence of a clinically evaluated, historical sample; and (ii) to assess psychiatric residents´ perception of the systematic use of th [...]
3.

Successful treatment of catatonic syndrome in bipolar I disorder adding aripiprazole to ECT: A case report

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 169-173; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Catatonic syndrome is a condition presenting in multiple ways, sharing many of them with the neuroleptic malignant syndrome and other diseases. This diagnostic challenge is the main cause of keep treating catatonic syndromes without neuroleptics. Methods: Review of the lit [...]
4.

Common mental health disorders in children and adolescents in primary care: A survey of knowledge, skills and attitudes among general practitioners in a newly developed European country

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 145-158; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: General Practitioners (GPs) are generally the first point of contact for children and adolescents with mental health problems. This study investigates the confidence, beliefs, and knowledge of GPs regarding common mental health problems in youngsters. Methods: A self-desig [...]
5.

Cancer and common mental disorders in the community: Results of the Israel-World Mental Health Survey

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 174-184; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: To study common mental disorders (CMD) and other mental health-related variables among community residents with active cancer, cancer survivors and cancer-free respondents. Methods: Data were extracted from the Israeli component of the 28-country World Mental Health Survey [...]
6.

Attention in patients with chronic schizophrenia: Deficit in inhibitory control and positive symptoms

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 185-195; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Attention is a central mechanism controlling information processing, activating and inhibiting processes, and forming a complex system including diferent networks in specific areas of the brain¹. To correctly assess the role of attention in schizophrenia it is necessary to [...]
7.

Burnout, occupational stressors, and social support in psychiatric and medical trainees

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(3); 196-206; 2012-09
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Although previous research reports that psychiatrists experience greater work-related distress than other specialties, very little is known about how psychiatric trainees compare to their medical colleagues. The aim of this study was to compare psychiatric and general medi [...]
8.

Improving territorial accessibility of mental health services: The case of Spain

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 227-235; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Citizens choose their health care services not only depending on their needs, but also on where they are located. The location of the services is especially important in the case of mental health due to the specific features of mental disorders. This article provides an an [...]
9.

/ Olanzapine as an add-on treatment in migraine status: A randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled, pilot study

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 260-265; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: The authors assessed the effectiveness of olanzapine as an adjunctive treatment in migraine status. Methods: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Subjects consecutively admitted to a day program of tertiary referral (97 % women; age: 35.8 ± 11.8 yrs.) were a [...]
10.

Profile of male adolescents with conduct disorder on intellectual efficacy, cognitive flexibility, cognitive coping, impulsivity and alexithymia: A comparison with high-risk controls

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 215-226; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: To specify which of the documented cognitive and emotional deficits characterize adolescents with conduct disorder (CD) compared with high-risk controls. Methods: High-risk adolescent males with and without CD were compared on intellectual efficiency, cognitive flexibility [...]
11.

Psychotropic drug use in patients with various chronic somatic diseases

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 236-247; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: To reveal insight into prevalence and incidence of psychotropic drug use in patients with various chronic somatic diseases and into time differences between incidence of the somatic disease and start of psychotropic drug use. Methods: A cohort study was performed using the [...]
12.

Ziprasidone versus Olanzapine in the weight gain associated with the treatment of schizophrenia: A six-month double-blind randomized parallel group study

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 248-259; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Previous data from safety analysis indicate that olanzapine can result in substantial weight gain, while no change has been observed with ziprasidone. Obesity may be a threat to health and cause subjects to discontinue their antipsychotic medication. To further evaluate th [...]
13.

Cycloid psychoses: Leonhard´s descriptions revisited

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 26(4); 266-278; 2012-12
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Cycloid psychoses are characterized by polymorphic symptomatology with intraphasic bipolarity, a remitting and recurrent course and favourable prognosis. Perris and Brockington (P&B) described the first set of operational criteria that were partly incorporated in ICD-10. T [...]
14.

Prevalence and related risk factors of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use among university students

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 97-110; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of cigarette, alcohol and substance use and the possible associations between different types of substance use and various risk factors among university students. Methods: A self-assessment questionnaire was admini [...]
15.

Obsessive compulsive phenomenology in a sample of Egyptian adolescent population

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 89-96; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Obsessive symptoms among children and adolescent age groups are increasing, an observation made by mental health professionals working with this age group. Our epidemiological study targeted secondary school students to estimate the prevalence of obsessive symptoms, obsess [...]
16.

Capturing clinically significant eating pathology in adolescence

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 122-128; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Several large-scale studies on adolescent mental health have used questionnaire items derived from DSM-IV criteria to assess eating disorders. The aim of the present brief report was to analyse the capacity of self-reported eating disorder symptoms to capture clinically si [...]
17.

The role of non-semantic factors in semantic satiation effect in schizophrenia

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 81-88; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Semantic satiation is defined as the subjective experience of the loss of access to the meanings of words or images caused by prolonged and quick repetitions of the material. Previous researches indicated that the semantic satiation of words and images occurs faster in sch [...]
18.

Reduced oligodendroglial density in the inferior parietal lobule and lack of insight in schizophrenia

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 111-121; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Alterations and deficits of oligodendrocytes reported in the grey and white matter in schizophrenia may contribute to neuronal disconnectivity. Prefrontal-parietal functional disconnections have been implicated in diverse clinical symptoms of schizophrenia, including poor [...]
19.

Familiarity with and Attitudes to Tourette's Syndrome in Healthcare Students: A Pilot Comparison with Epilepsy

Eur. J. Psychiat.; 27(2); 129-136; 2013-06
SciELO Espanha | Idioma: Inglês

Resumo em inglês

Background and Objectives: Tourette's Syndrome (TS) is a common developmental neuropsychiatric disorder; people with TS are vulnerable to stigmatization. Public attitudes to TS have seldom been studied. This study examines knowledge of and attitudes to TS and to epilepsy in healthcare students, in a [...]
Resultados 1 - 20 de 545.828