OBJECTIVE: Unilateral spatial neglect (USN) results in a consistent and exaggerated spatial asymmetry in the processing of information about the body or space due to an acquired brain injury. There are several USN tests for clinical diagnosis, but none of them are validated in Brazil. The aim was to obtain normative values from a healthy sample in Brazil and to evaluate the effects of demographic variables on USN tests. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study performed with 150 neurologically healthy individuals. USN was evaluated using the line cancelation (LC), star cancelation (SC), and line bisection (LB) tests in the A3 (29.7 x 42.0 cm) sheet format. RESULTS: In LC, 143 participants had 0 omissions, and the occurrence of failure was significantly associated with aging (OR=1.1[1.02-1.2]; p=0.012). In SC, 145 participants had fewer than 1 omission, and the occurrence of failure was significantly associated with aging (OR=1.07[1.03-1.11]; p<0.001). In LB, deviations were the lowest for those with the highest level of education (r=0.20; p=0.015), and the deviation was 9.5 mm. CONCLUSION: The cutoff points presented in this study may be indicative of USN, but due to performance differences based on age, we suggest using different norm scores for different age groups. These norm scores can be used in the clinic immediately for USN diagnosis.
ABSTRACT This work aimed to present an action-research of two Physical Education professionals, judo coaches, at the 29th Summer Universiade of Taipei in 2017. The action-research can be defined as a set of processes involving actions and their subsequent understandings. The analysis showed that sporting performance can be achieved more effectively from an effective application of scientific knowledge, whether in athletes’ diagnostics, logistics, pre-competitive and competitive actions. It is hoped with this article that, at least in judo, a debate will begin to promote the development of professional procedures for sport coaches from reflexive and applied situations
RESUMEN Este artículo tuvo como objetivo presentar una investigación de acción de dos profesionales de educación física, entrenadores de judo, en la 29th Summer Universiade de Taipei en 2017. La investigación de acción puede definirse como un conjunto de procesos que conlleva acciones y su posterior comprensión. Los análisis mostraron que los resultados deportivos pueden alcanzarse con más eficacia a partir de una aplicación efectiva del conocimiento científico, sea en situaciones de diagnóstico de los atletas, logística del evento, acciones precompetitivas y acciones durante el evento deportivo. Con este artículo se espera que, al menos en el judo, se inicie un debate para promover el desarrollo de procedimientos profesionales para entrenadores deportivos a partir de situaciones reflexivas y aplicadas.
RESUMO Este trabalho teve como objetivo apresentar uma investigação-ação de dois profissionais de educação física, treinadores de judô, que atuaram na 29ª Summer Universíade de Taipei em 2017. A investigação-ação pode ser definida como um conjunto de processos que envolvem ações e suas posteriores compreensões. As análises apontaram que os resultados esportivos podem ser atingidos com mais eficácia a partir de uma efetiva aplicação do conhecimento científico, seja em situações de diagnóstico dos atletas, logística do evento, ações pré-competitivas e ações durante o evento esportivo. Espera-se com este artigo que, pelo menos no judô, inicie-se um debate para promover o desenvolvimento de procedimentos profissionais para treinadores esportivos a partir de situações reflexivas e aplicadas.
OBJECTIVE: The face-hand test is a simple, practical, and rapid test to detect neurological syndromes. However, it has not previously been assessed in a Brazilian sample; therefore, the objective of the present study was to standardize the face-hand test for use in the multi-cultural population of Brazil and identify the sociodemographic factors affecting the results. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study of 150 individuals. The sociodemographic variables that were collected included age, gender, race, body mass index and years of education. Standardization of the face-hand test occurred in 2 rounds of 10 sensory stimuli, with the participant seated to support the trunk and their vision obstructed in a sound-controlled environment. The face-hand test was conducted by applying 2 rounds of 10 sensory stimuli that were applied to the face and hand simultaneously. The associations between the face-hand test and sociodemographic variables were analyzed using Mann-Whitney tests and Spearman correlations. Binomial models were adjusted for the number of face-hand test variations, and ROC curves evaluated sensitivity and specificity of sensory extinction. RESULTS: There was no significant relationship between the sociodemographic variables and the number of stimuli perceived for the face-hand test. There was a high relative frequency of detection, 8 out of 10 stimuli, in this population. Sensory extinction was 25.3%, which increased with increasing age (OR=1.4[1:01–1:07]; p=0.006) and decreased significantly with increasing education (OR=0.82[0.71-0.94]; p=0.005). CONCLUSION: In the Brazilian population, a normal face-hand test score ranges between 8–10 stimuli, and the results indicate that sensory extinction is associated with increased age and lower levels of education.