The purpose of this article is to build an introductory approach to chaos theory from the Chua’ oscillator for students of mathematics, physics and engineering. The Chua’ circuit is one of the simplest dynamic systems that produce irregular behavior. Despite its simplicity, this oscillating circuit is a very useful device for studying basic principles of chaos theory. This study begins with the definition of equilibrium points, this is done in a graphic and analytical way. The analysis of the stationary solution of differential equations system allows to show the occurrence of pitchfork bifurcation. The eigenvalues are calculated and the trajectories of the Chua’ oscillator are analyzed, then the occurrence of Hopf bifurcation is demonstrated. Period-doubling cascade are observed using phase portrait and orbit diagram. Finally, sensitivity to initial conditions is studied by calculating Lyapunov exponents.