Abstract Muir-Torre syndrome is a rare, autosomal dominant genodermatosis, characterized by sebaceous neoplasms and visceral carcinomas. The authors describe the case of a patient who, 16 years after the diagnosis of colon carcinoma, presented a verrucous plaque on the pubic region, histopathologically compatible with sebaceous adenoma. The need to investigate this syndrome is emphasized, especially in cases of sebaceous neoplasms located outside the head, face, and neck. Screening for neoplasms in these patients and their families is mandatory.
RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar e traçar uma relação entre as características clinicopatológicas e sociodemográficas dos melanomas acrais diagnosticados no Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Fez-se um estudo observacional, descritivo e retrospectivo de pacientes diagnosticados com melanoma em sítio acral entre 1997 e 2016 no Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. Características sociodemográficas e clinicopatológicas foram coletadas e analisadas. RESULTADOS: Foram encontrados 45 pacientes com melanoma acral no período avaliado. Trinta e um eram do sexo feminino (68,89%) e 14 masculino (31,11%). A maioria dos casos diagnosticados eram invasivos (88,37%) e o subtipo histológico predominante foi o lentiginoso acral (91,11%). A região plantar foi a mais prevalente (64,44%). A mediana do índice de Breslow foi de 3 mm. Houve uma tendência a maior gravidade nos pacientes do sexo masculino. CONCLUSÕES: Os melanomas de sítio acral são diagnosticados em fases mais avançadas o que acarreta pior prognóstico dos pacientes. Assume ainda maior importância em populações altamente miscigenadas e negras como a brasileira.
SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The relationship between the clinicopathological and sociodemographics characteristics of acral melanomas diagnosed at the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo was analyzed and traced between 1997 and 2016. METHODS: An observational, descriptive, and retrospective study of patients diagnosed with acral melanoma was performed at Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. Sociodemographic and clinicopathological characteristics were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Forty-five patients with acral melanomas were found during the evaluation period. Thirty-one were females, and 14 were males (68.89% and 31.3%, respectively). Most of the cases were invasive (88.37%), and the predominant histological subtype was the acral lentiginous (91.11%). The plantar region was the most prevalent (64.44%). The median Breslow index was 3 mm, and there was a tendency towards greater severity in male patients. CONCLUSIONS: Acral site melanomas are detected diagnosed when they reach more advanced stages, which leads to a worse prognosis for patients. Late detection assumes even greater importance in highly mixed and black populations, such as the Brazilian population.
Abstract The authors report a case of mobile and painful nodules on the bilateral plantar surface of a female patient referred by the rheumatology service, where she was being followed-up for rheumatoid arthritis. A nodule excision was performed for differential diagnosis and symptom relief; the histopathological analysis was compatible with a rheumatoid nodule. Although rheumatoid nodules are a common manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis, exclusive plantar involvement is seldom described in the literature.
Abstract A 58-year-old female patient presented with a single-digit clubbing on the second finger of her right hand two years previously. After investigation with imaging and incisional biopsy, superficial acral fibromyxoma was diagnosed. A brief review on single-digit clubbing and its causes is presented, focusing on superficial acral fibromyxoma.
Abstract Intravascular histiocytosis is a rare condition characterized by the aggregate of histiocytes within dilated dermal vessels. The diagnosis is mainly histophatological and immunohistochemical. We describe a case of a 55 year-old female patient presenting erythematous/purple patches on the breasts, back and limbs. She previously presented ductal carcinoma in the right breast in 2006 which was treated with mastectomy and proceeded to silicone breast implant in 2009. Clinical hypothesis was telangiectatic metastatic carcinoma. Histopathology showed vascular ectasia, thrombosis and recanalization of upper dermis small vessels. On immunohistochemistry, intravascular cells were CD 68+ and negative for estrogen and progesterone receptors, CK7, EMA and AE1/AE3 and endothelial cells were CD64+, leading to the diagnosis of intravascular histiocytosis.
Abstract Background: The hair follicle is a unique structure, one of the most dynamic structures in mammalians, which can reproduce in every new cycle all the mechanism involved in its fetal development. Although a lot of research has been made about the human hair follicle much less has been discovered about the importance of the cytokeratins (CKs) in its development. Objective: Study the immunohistochemical pattern of epithelial CKs during human hair follicle development. Methods: We performed an immunohistochemical study using fresh post-mortem skin biopsies of human fetuses between 4 and 25 weeks of gestational age to study the expression of cytokeratins (CKs): CK1, CK10, CK13, CK14, CK16 and CK20 during human hair follicle fetal development. Study limitations: Restrospective study with a good number of makers but with a small population. Results/conclusion: We found that, the CKs were expressed in an intermediate time during follicular development. The epithelial CKs (CK1, CK14, CK10, CK13) and the epithelial CKs with a proliferative character such as CK16 were expressed first, as markers of cellular maturation and follicular keratinization. At a later phase, CK20 was expressed in more developed primitive hair follicles as previously discussed in literature.
Abstract Sporotrichosis is a deep mycosis of subacute or chronic evolution, caused by the dimorphic fungus of the genus Sporothrix. The treatment is carried out with antifungal orally or intravenously. Therapeutic success can be affected by several factors, such as altered gastrointestinal physiology by surgery. More and more patients are submitted to bariatric surgeries and the literature for the alterations of the absorption of medications in this context is very scarce. We intend to contribute to a better understanding with this case report of cutaneous-lymphatic sporotrichosis in a patient after bariatric surgery without response to itraconazole treatment, even at high doses.
Abstract The Borst-Jadassohn phenomenon is a morphological finding that consists of the presence of well-defined nests of cells located in the spiny stratum of an acanthotic epidermis. One of the neoplasms where this phenomenon is found is hidroacanthoma simplex. This neoplasm is considered the intraepidermal form of the eccrine poroma. Despite its benign nature, malignant transformations are reported. The present article reports a case of hidroacanthoma simplex and discusses the dermoscopy of this phenomenon.
Abstract Eccrine porocarcinoma (EPC) is a rare malignant skin tumor. The dermoscopy of invasive EPC reveals focal presence of whitish-pink, structureless areas surrounded by pinkish-white halos. In an eccrine poroma (EP), such areas present diffuse distribution in the "frog- eggs" pattern. We reported an EPC in situ that presents a transitional dermoscopy pattern between EP and invasive EPC. We found a diffuse distribution; whitish-pink, structureless areas surrounded by pinkish-white halos; a central exulceration and a polymorphic vascular pattern.
Abstract: Poroid neoplasms are benign epithelial proliferations with eccrine sweat gland differentiation. They are a challenging diagnosis because of the clinical heterogeneity, being able to mimic several malignant neoplasms. They are classified into classic poroma, hidroacanthoma simplex, dermal duct tumor and poroid hidradenoma. Association of histological subtypes occurs in more than 25% of cases. We report a case of a combined poroid neoplasia of classical poroma and poroid hidradenoma, reviewing its dermatoscopic features.