Abstract The opening of a mining enterprise requires knowledge of the geomechanical characteristics of the mineral deposit, which will be worked according to the use of parameters of stability and/or resistance of the material, as well as the discontinuities present in the rock. In this study, the Rock Mass Rating methodology was used to propose a geomechanical model in a lead and zinc deposit hosted in the sedimentary rocks of Camaquã Basin, Brazil. A geological model was created using the analysis of 50 drill holes with their geological descriptions, grouped into five lithological units, from base to top: rhythmite, lower sandstone, conglomerate, upper sandstone, and ore. The samples were regularized in composites of three meters in length, and then categorized into the five classes of the RMR system. Classes were estimated for each lithological unit using indicator kriging to obtain a model with the probability of each estimated block belonging to each RMR class, and thus the predominant class probabilities of each block. While it was possible to observe a predominance of class II (good rock) in the conglomerate, lower sandstone and ore, in the upper sandstone and rhythmite class III predominates (fair rock), and a few blocks were classified in class IV (poor rock) and V (very poor rock). Although the geomechanical model demonstrates the quality of the rock mass in general, being indispensable to more detailed studies, it is believed that the model allows greater safety in the classification of the rock mass and later use for slope stability and pit design.