A study is reported on Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films obtained by adding different percentages of stearic acid (SA) to poly(3-octylhiophene) (P3OT). Surface pressure - mean molecular area (π - A) isotherms, ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectrum, atomic force microscope (AFM) and dc electrical measurements have been used for characterization. From π - A isotherms, the area per monomer for condensed films (of SA) increased according to P3OT amount. Good transfer ratios were obtained for LB deposition from P3OT/SA films with higher percentage of SA. LB films revealed linear growth as monitored by UV-Vis absorption spectra. Electrical characterization showed higher conductivity for LB film with 54 wt.% of SA. AFM images of the same film revealed high roughness and presence of large size agglomerates. Finally, interdigitated electrodes (IDE) coated with P3OT/SA LB films showed to be sensitive to the presence of volatile organic compounds.
Six new eremophilane sesquiterpenes, (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-9-en-12-oic acid (1), (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-1(10)-en-12-oic acid (2), (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-1(10)-en-2-oxo-12-oic acid (3), (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-9-en-12,8α-olide (4), (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-9-en-12,8β-olide (5) and (rel)-4β,5β,7β-eremophil-9α,10α-epoxy-12-oic acid (6), were isolated from the leaves of a specimen of Ocotea lancifolia (Lauraceae). Two other known sesquiterpenes, 4β,5β,7β-eremophil-11-en- 10α-ol (7) reported for the first time in the genus Ocotea, and the aromadendrene sesquiterpene, spathulenol (8), were also isolated. Their structures were determined on the basis of spectral data (MS, IR, UV and NMR-1D and 2D) and subsequent comparisons with the literature.
A new salicylic acid derivative, pentacosanyl salicylate, was isolated from the leaves of the plant toxic to cattle, Riedeliella graciliflora, in addition to a digalactosyldiacylglycerol (DGDG), 1,2-di-O-α-linolenoyl-3-O-α-D-galactopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-D-galactopyranosyl-glycerol, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucopyranoside, kaempferol-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, quercetin-3-O-α-L-rhamnopyranoside, rutin, (+)-catechin and the dimer (+)-catechin-(4β-8)-catechin, glutinol, squalene, β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, phytol, β-carotene, α-tocopherol and ficaprenol-12. Their structures were determined using spectral techniques (MS, IR, and NMR-1D and 2D) and based on literature data.