Abstract It was 1903. South African colonies were still recovering from the horrors and damage caused by the countless wars and conflicts in that region. Political reconciliation would come on several fronts, one of them, the constitution of a parliamentary commission to discuss the native issue in the colonies in southern Africa. Appointed under the coordination of the high commissioner for native affairs, Sir Arthur Lawley, members of all southern Africa British colonies and protectorates were called on behalf of the Crown to organize, select and listen to the most varied witnesses on the subject. This article aims at relating the social positions and, consequently, the importance of certain colonies for the constitution of the South African Union. Moreover, this source is used as a way of reflect the South African segregation period before the apartheid. Through the listed professions and phenotypes, it will also be possible to establish some parameters for understanding the power and political relations in those territories in the first years of the 20th century.
Resumo Era 1903. As colônias sul-africanas ainda se recuperavam dos horrores e estragos gerados pelas inúmeras guerras e conflitos naquela região. A conciliação política viria em várias frentes, uma delas, a constituição de uma comissão parlamentar para a discussão da questão nativa nas colônias ao sul da África. Nomeada sob coordenação do alto comissário para assuntos nativos, Sir Arthur Lawley, membros de todas as colônias e protetorados britânicos no sul da África foram convocados, em nome da coroa, a organizar, selecionar e ouvir as mais variadas testemunhas em relação ao tema. Esse artigo tem por objetivo relacionar as posições sociais e, por consequência, a importância de determinadas colônias para a constituição da União Sul-Africana. Além disso, pretendo utilizar esses dados como forma de reflexão do período de segregação sul-africano anterior ao apartheid. Por meio das profissões e fenótipos listados também será possível estabelecer alguns parâmetros para o entendimento das relações de poder e política naqueles territórios entre os primeiros anos do século XX.
Abstract Background Bites provoked by the genus Micrurus represent less than 1% of snakebite cases notified in Brazil, a tiny fraction compared with other genus such as Bothrops and Crotalus, which together represent almost 80% of accidents. In addition to their less aggressive behavior, habits and morphology of coral snakes are determinant factors for such low incidence of accidents. Although Micrurus bites are rare, victims must be rescued and hospitalized in a short period of time, because this type of envenoming may evolve to a progressive muscle weakness and acute respiratory failure. Case Presentation We report an accident caused by Micrurus corallinus involving a 28-year-old Caucasian sailor man bitten on the hand. The accident occurred in a recreational camp because people believed the snake was not venomous. The victim presented neurological symptoms 2 h after the accident and was taken to the hospital, where he received antielapidic serum 10 h after the bite. After the antivenom treatment, the patient presented clinical evolution without complications and was discharged 4 days later. Conclusions We reinforce that it is essential to have a health care structure suitable for the treatment of snakebite. Besides, the manipulation of these animals should only be carried out by a team of well-equipped and trained professionals, and even so with special attention.