Aphids are the most important vectors of viruses infecting potato (Solanum tuberosum). We focused on the response of the aphid vector Myzus persicae (Sulzer) to five commercial potatocultivars: Ágata, Jaette Bintje, Mondial, Monalisa and Santè, by traditional antibiosis and antixenosis tests and by the EPG (Electrical Penetration Graph) technique, as a step forward to the design of effective management practices. Our aim was to identify plant factors involved in resistance of these cultivars against M. persicae, both at the surface and in deeper plant tissues. Results from the antixenosis test confirmed a strong preference of M. persicae for the Mondial cultivar. The antibiosis study indicated a lower population development of the aphid in 'Monalisa' when compared to 'Ágata' and 'Jaette Bintje'. EPG assays indicated that 'Santè' inhibited the initial feeding process of M. persicae, whereas 'Monalisa' showed a physical-type of resistance as demonstrated by a very high number of short probes. The cultivar Mondial showed average values for all EPG variables analyzed. The behavior in 'Jaette Bintje' indicated this cultivar was an ideal host for aphid feeding and reproduction. Together, the EPG data revealed the existence of pre and post-phloematics factors in the cultivars under study, which have important implications on the efficiency of transmission and spread of virus in potato by M. persicae.