Abstract We report in this study a case of Chandler’s Syndrome, an Iridocorneal Endhotelial Syndrome variant in a 56 years old patient, female, complaining about low vision in the right side, as well as itching and photophobia in the same side. In the first evaluation, we observed visual acuity of counting fingers at 0,5 meters, corneal swelling with microcystus and conjunctival hyperemia. The left eye was normal. Intraocular pressure was 16mmHg in right eye and 10 mmHg in left eye. We initiated topic treatment with Dorzolamide, Timolol and Dexamethasone, with good control of intraocular pressure. We noticed in corneal specular microscopy the presence of ice cells. In current biomicroscopy it is remarkable the corneal swelling, with central opacity and lens was not visible, as well as the fundoscopy is impossible. We confirmed the diagnosis of Chandler’ Syndrome based on the clinical findings, and in abnormalities in complementary exams. Nowadays, the patient is being followed in the Ophthalmology department at Hospital Federal Servidores do Estado.
Resumo O presente estudo tem por objetivo relatar um raro caso da variante de Chandler da Síndrome Iridocorneana Endotelial em uma paciente de 56 anos. Esta referia baixa acuidade visual em olho direito há 2 anos, acompanhada de fotofobia e prurido. Ao exame oftalmológico, no primeiro atendimento, apresentava em olho direito acuidade visual de conta dedos à 0,5 metro e se observava à biomicroscopia policoria, edema corneano com microcistos e hiperemia conjuntival. O olho esquerdo não apresentava alterações. A pressão intraocular era de 16mmHg no olho direito e 10mmHg no olho esquerdo. Iniciou-se tratamento tópico com dorzolamida, maleato de timolol e dexametasona, sendo então, alcançado o controle da pressão intraocular. Constatou-se no exame de microscopia especular corneana a presença de ice cells. Na biomicroscopia atual, apresenta, no olho acometido, edema corneano com opacidade central, policoria, cristalino não visível e fundo de olho indevassável. Diante da confirmação do diagnóstico de Síndrome de Chandler, pelo quadro clínico compatível e alterações nos exames complementares, a paciente está em acompanhamento no serviço de Oftalmologia do Hospital Federal Servidores do Estado.
AIM: To investigate the prevalence of dental fractures and their association with risk factors in the permanent dentition of adolescents in Valinhos, SP, Brazil. METHODS: The study population was obtained using the probability sampling method and comprised 379 students between 13 and 19 years old enrolled in the eight State schools of the city, who were examined by nine pairs of calibrated dentists (Kappa>0.80). The presence of dental fractures in permanent anterior incisors, as well as the presence of considerable overjet (> 5mm) and lip seal was evaluated in a clinical-epidemiological examination. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental trauma was 27.1%. The most frequent lesions were enamel fractures (72.6%) of which falls were the main cause (45.7%). No association was found between the presence of considerable overjet and deficient lip seal (chi-square test; p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of dental trauma in the studied population was expressive when compared with the literature, but the analyzed oral aspects did not contribute to its occurrence.