A very simple spectrophotometric method is described for resolving binary mixture of the food colorants Sunset Yellow (INS 110) and Tartrazine Yellow (INS 102) by using the first derivative spectra with measurements at zero-crossing wavelengths. Before the spectrophotometric measurements, the dyes were sorbed onto polyurethane foam and recovered in N,N-dimethilformamide. Commercial food products (gelatine and juice powder) were analysed by using the proposed method and the HPLC technique. The results are in very good agreement and the differences between the methods is not statistically important. Therefore, the first-order derivative spectrophotometric method is accurate, precise, reliable and could be applied to the routine analysis of food samples.
Algae constitute a large group of many different organisms, essentially aquatic and able to live in all systems giving them sufficient light and humidity. Some algae species have been used in the evaluation or in the bioremediation of aquatic systems. More recently algae have been suggested as interesting tools in the field of analytical chemistry. In this work the most important aspects related to the different uses of algae are presented with a brief discussion.
Total arsenic, arsenite, arsinate and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) were selectively determined in natural waters by hydride generation - atomic absorption spectrometry, using sodium tetrahydroborate(III) as reductant but in different reduction media. River water samples from the north region of Paraná State, Brazil, were analysed and showed arsenate as the principal arsenical form. Detection limits found for As(III) (citrate buffer), As(III) + DMA (acetic acid) and As(III) + As(V) (hydrochloric acid) were 0.6, 1.1 and 0.5 mg As L-1, respectively. Sample storage on the proper reaction media revealed to be a useful way to preserve the water sample.
Arsênio total, As(III), As(V) e ácido dimetilarsínico (DMA) foram determinados seletivamente em águas naturais pela técnica da geração de hidretos - espectrometria de absorção atômica, em diferentes meios de redução. Para as amostras de água de rio investigadas os resultados mostraram ser arsenato a forma arsenical predominante. Os limites de detecção encontrados para As(III) (tampão citrato), As(III) + DMA (ácido acético ) e As(III) + As(V) (ácido clorídrico) foram, respectivamente, 0.6, 1.1 e 0.5 mg As L-1. O estudo da estabilidade das formas arsenicais em amostras de águas naturais revelou serem os próprios meios reacionais convenientes para uma preservação adequada das amostras.