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1. Genome sequence of Shewanella corallii strain A687 isolated from pufferfish (Sphoeroides spengleri)
Azevedo, Gustavo P.R. ; Paz, Pedro H. C da ; Mattsson, Hannah K. ; Moreira, Ana Paula B. ; Leomil, Luciana ; Calegário, Gabriela ; Appolinario, Luciana ; Vidal, Lívia ; Silva, Bruno S. ; Tonon, Luciane A. Chimetto ; Tschoeke, Diogo A. ; Garcia, Gizele D. ; Thompson, Fabiano L. ; Thompson, Cristiane C. .
Genetics and Molecular Biology 2020, Volume 43 N. 1 elocation e20180314
Abstract We present here the genome sequence of Shewanella corallii strain A687 isolated from pufferfish Sphoeroides spengleri (Family Tetraodontidae). The assembly consists of 5,215,037 bp and contains 284 contigs, with a G+C content of 50.3%.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-4685-gmb-2018-0314 569 downloads
2. Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Center service use profile in Brazil: 2008 to 2012
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry apr 2019, Volume 41 N. 2 Pages 138 - 147
Objective: To describe the service use profile of Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Care Centers (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial Infanto-Juvenil [CAPSi]) in Brazil regarding diagnostic categories, sociodemographic aspects, and care modalities between 2008 and 2012. Methods: A descriptive, ecological study was performed using data from the Unified Health System regarding high-complexity procedure authorizations (Autorização de Procedimentos de Alta Complexidade [APAC]) for the period from 2008-2012. The variables sex, age, diagnosis (F00-F99 of ICD-10), and type of care provided were examined. The data were processed using TabWin and STATA version 12. Results: A total of 837,068 records were examined, each representing one visit to CAPSi. Most visits were by male users (68.8%). The most common diagnoses were hyperkinetic disorders (13%), pervasive developmental disorders (12.4%), and conduct disorders (8.4%). Conclusions: Behavioral and emotional disorders that usually appear during childhood or adolescence and psychological development disorders were frequent, with more than 50% of the latter comprising autism spectrum disorders. Regional differences were observed, with a higher presence of this diagnosis in the Southeast, while the North and Northeast had a high percentage of visits due to mental retardation.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2018-0011 1147 downloads
3. High cellulolytic activities in filamentous fungi isolated from an extreme oligotrophic subterranean environment (Catão cave) in Brazil
PAULA, CAIO C.P. DE ; MONTOYA, QUIMI V. ; MEIRELLES, LUCAS A. ; FARINAS, CRISTIANE S. ; RODRIGUES, ANDRÉ ; SELEGHIM, MIRNA H.R. .
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências 2019, Volume 91 N. 3 elocation e20180583
Abstract Abstract: Isolation and screening of new fungal strains from extreme and understudied environments, such as caves, is a promising approach to find higher yields enzyme producers. Cellulolytic fungal strains isolated from a Brazilian cave were evaluated for their enzymatic production after submerged (SmF) and solid-state fermentation (SSF). After SmF, three strains were selected for their high enzymatic activities: Aspergillus ustus for endoglucanase (4.76 U/mg), Talaromyces bruneus for β-glucosidase (11.71 U/mg) and Aspergillus sp. (CBMAI 1926) for total cellulase (1.70 U/mg). After SSF, these strains, showed better yields compared to the reference strain Aspergillus niger 3T5B8. Aspergillus sp. (CBMAI 1926) stood out as a new species that expressed activity of total cellulases (0.10 U/mg) and low protein concentration (0.44 mg/mL). In conclusion, these isolated strains have a more efficient and promising cellulolytic enzyme complex that can be used in fermentation and saccharification processes with a lower protein concentration and a higher enzymatic activity than the reference strain. Therefore, beside the new genetic material characterized, our study highlights the benefits of cave extreme environments exploitation to find new potentially valuable strains.
https://doi.org/10.1590/0001-3765201920180583 1308 downloads
4. Impact of a provider training program on the treatment of children with autism spectrum disorder at psychosocial care units in Brazil
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry sep 2018, Volume 40 N. 3 Pages 296 - 305
Objective: To develop, implement, and verify the impact of a training program for health care providers working with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in psychosocial care centers for children and adolescents (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial à Infância e à Adolescência – CAPSi) in São Paulo, Brazil. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with 14 professionals from four CAPSi units. The training program consisted of six phases: 1) pre-intervention observation; 2) meeting with staff to assess the main needs of the training program; 3) developing materials for training and evaluation; 4) meetings to discuss program implementation; 5) a final meeting for case discussion and evaluation; and 6) distance supervision. Three measures were used to evaluate the training program: i) the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) questionnaire; ii) videos containing questions designed to assess program comprehension; and iii) a satisfaction survey. Results: Thirteen videos were produced to as visual aids for use during the training program, and a further 26 videos were developed to evaluate it. The program was well evaluated by the participants. The video responses and KAP questionnaire scores suggest that staff knowledge and attitudes improved after training. Conclusion: The positive findings of this study suggest that the tested training program is feasible for use with multidisciplinary teams working in the CAPSi environment.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2016-2090 1435 downloads
5. Doxycycline-containing glass ionomer cement for arresting residual caries: an in vitro study and a pilot trial
Castilho, Aline Rogéria Freire de ; Duque, Cristiane ; Kreling, Paula Fernanda ; Pereira, Jesse Augusto ; Paula, Andreia Bolzan de ; Sinhoreti, Mario Alexandre Coelho ; Puppin-Rontani, Regina Maria .
Journal of Applied Oral Science 2018, Volume 26 elocation e20170116
Abstract In a previous study, we demonstrated that the incorporation of doxycycline hyclate (DOX) into resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC) inhibited important cariogenic microorganisms, without modifying its biological and mechanical characteristics. In this study, we keep focused on the effect of that experimental material as a potential therapy for arresting residual caries by analyzing other in vitro properties and conducting a pilot clinical trial assessing the in vivo effect of DOX-containing RMGIC on residual mutans streptococci after partial carious removal in primary molars. Specimens of the groups RMGIC (control); RMGIC + 1.5% DOX; RMGIC + 3% DOX; and RMGIC + 4.5% DOX were made to evaluate the effect of DOX incorporation on surface microhardness and fluoride release of RMGIC and against biofilm of Streptococcus mutans. Clinical intervention consisted of partial caries removal comparing RMGIC and RMGIC + 4.5% DOX as lining materials. After 3 months, clinical and microbiologic evaluations were performed. Data were submitted to ANOVA/Tukey or Wilcoxon/Mann-Whitney set as α=0.05. Fluoride release and surface microhardness was not influenced by the incorporation of DOX (p>0.05). There was a significant reduction of S. mutans biofilm over the material surface with the increase of DOX concentration. After clinical trial, the remaining dentin was hard and dry. Additionally, mutans streptococci were completely eliminated after 3 months of treatment with RMGIC + 4.5% DOX. The incorporation of DOX provided better antibiofilm effect, without jeopardizing fluoride release and surface microhardness of RMGIC. This combination also improved the in vivo shortterm microbiological effect of RMGIC after partial caries removal.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-7757-2017-0116 1961 downloads
6. A study of the phytotoxic effects of the aerial parts of Senecio westermanii Dusén (Asteraceae) on Lactuca sativa L. and Allium cepa L. seeds
Merino, Francis José Zortéa ; Ribas, Daniele Felipe ; Silva, Cristiane Bezerra da ; Duarte, Ana Flávia Schvabe ; Paula, Cristiane da Silva ; Oliveira, Maislian de ; Dias, Josiane de Fátima Gaspari ; Miguel, Marilis Dallarmi ; Miguel, Obdulio Gomes .
Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 2018, Volume 54 N. 3 elocation e17135
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the ethanolic crude extracts and fractions of the species Senecio westermanii Dusén on Lactuca sativa L. (lettuce) and Allium cepa L. (onion) seeds. We assessed the germination, growth, root respiration and photosynthesis of the target species in Petri dishes (9.0 cm diameter) containing filter paper n°6. The study was conducted using 50 seeds per plate and held in 4 replicates per concentration of each sample. In the germination there was an inhibitory effect of fractions hexane (FH) and chloroform (FCl) at concentrations of 500 and 1000 µg/mL. There was a reduction in the radicle growth of lettuce by 14 to 24% and a reduction of hypocotilum by 14 to 28%. As for the radicle of the onion was up 74% reduction to the FCl and the coleoptile was 24 and 45% reduction for FH and FCl, respectively. Inhibitory effects in the root respiration of lettuce were detected in all the samples analyzed, with results ranging from 16 to 83%. For the seeds of A. cepa, there was an encouragement for the FCl and ethyl acetate fractions (FAE), with results ranging from 94 to 142% and 76 to 150%, respectively. With regard to the photosynthesis of L. sativa, there was no significant difference between the control, and as for the A. cepa, there was a strain in inhibition concentrations of 250 and 500 µg/mL, which ranged from 27 to 68%. The samples of S. westermanii caused changes in the target species and thus can be used as a natural herbicide.
https://doi.org/10.1590/s2175-97902018000317135 1010 downloads
7. Barriers to early identification of autism in Brazil
Ribeiro, Sabrina H. ; Paula, Cristiane S. de ; Bordini, Daniela ; Mari, Jair J. ; Caetano, Sheila C. .
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry dec 2017, Volume 39 N. 4 Pages 352 - 354
Objective: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) seem to perceive that their child’s development is not following the normal pattern as early as the first year of life. However, ASD children may not receive a diagnosis until they are of preschool age, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pathway between initial parental concerns about atypical child development and ASD diagnosis in Brazil. Methods: Nineteen mothers whose children had been diagnosed with ASD participated and were interviewed. The ASD group consisted of two girls and 17 boys, with a mean age of 93.0 months (SD 48.4 months; range 39-197 months). Results: Mothers had their first concerns regarding ASD when children were 23.6±11.6 months old, but formal diagnosis occurred at a mean ± SD age of 59.6±40.5 months, corresponding to a 3-year delay. Most mothers felt discouraged to address their concerns due to negative experiences with health professionals. Conclusion: In Brazil, mothers perceived the first signs of ASD in their children at an age similar to that reported in other countries, but the diagnosis of ASD seemed to be delayed. Consistent with the literature, mothers reported negative experiences with health professionals during the pathway to achieving ASD diagnosis.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2016-2141 3163 downloads
8. Streptococcus Mutans Biofilm Influences on the Antimicrobial Properties of Glass Ionomer Cements
Fúcio, Suzana B. P. ; Paula, Andréia B. de ; Sardi, Janaina C. O. ; Duque, Cristiane ; Correr-Sobrinho, Lourenço ; Puppin-Rontani, Regina M. .
Brazilian Dental Journal dec 2016, Volume 27 N. 6 Pages 681 - 687
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antibacterial and biofilm inhibition properties of glass ionomer restorative cements. Ketac Nano, Vitremer, Ketac Molar Easymix and Fuji IX were analyzed using the following tests: a) agar plate diffusion test to evaluate the inhibitory activity of cements against S. mutans (n=8); b) S. mutans adherence test by counting colony-forming units after 2 h of material/bacteria exposure (n=10); c) biofilm wet weight after seven days of bacterial accumulation on material disks, with growth medium renewed every 48 h (n=10); d) pH and fluoride measurements from the medium aspired at 48 h intervals during the 7-day biofilm development (n=10). Data from the a, b and c tests were submitted to Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests and the fluoride-release and pH data were submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey tests (a=5%). Vitremer followed by Ketac Nano showed the greatest inhibitory zone against S. mutans than the conventional ionomers. Vitremer also showed higher pH values than Ketac Nano and Fuji IX in the first 48 h and released higher fluoride amount than Ketac Nano e Ketac Molar Easymix throughout the experimental period. The chemical composition of restorative glass ionomer materials influenced the antibacterial properties. The resin modified glass ionomer (Vitremer) was more effective for inhibition of S. mutans and allowed greater neutralization of the pH in the first 48 h. However, the type of glass ionomer (resin modified or conventional) did not influence the weight and adherence of the biofilm and fluoride release.
Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar in vitro as propriedades antibacterianas e a inibição do biofilme de cimentos de ionômero de vidro restauradores. Ketac Nano, Vitremer, Ketac Molar Easymix and Fuji IX foram avaliados através dos seguintes testes: a) teste de difusão em ágar para avaliar a inibição de S. mutans nos cimentos (n=8); b) adesão de S. mutans pela contagem de unidades formadoras de colônia após 2h de exposição material/bactéria (n=10); c) peso do biofilme úmido após sete dias de acúmulo bacteriano nos discos do material, com meio de cultura renovado após 48 h (n=10); d) mensuração do pH e liberação de flúor do meio aspirado nos intervalos de 48 h durante 7 dias de crescimento do biofilme (n=10). Os dados dos testes a, b e c foram submetidos aos testes Kruskal-Wallis e Mann-Whitney e os dados de liberação de flúor e pH a ANOVA dois fatores e Tukey (a = 5%). Vitremer seguido pelo Ketac Nano mostrou maior zona de inibição contra S. mutans quando comparados aos ionômeros convencionais. Vitremer também apresentou valores de pH mais elevados do que Ketac Nano e Fuji IX nas primeiras 48 h e liberou maior quantidade de flúor do que Ketac Nano e Ketac Molar Easymix durante todo o período experimental. A composição química dos ionômeros de vidro restauradores influenciou nas propriedades antibacterianas. O ionômero de vidro modificado por resina (Vitremer) foi mais eficaz na inibição de S. mutans e permitiu maior neutralização do pH nas primeiras 48 h. No entanto, o tipo de ionômero de vidro (modificado por resina ou convencional) não influenciou no peso e adesão do biofilme e na liberação de flúor.
https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-6440201600655 2870 downloads
9. Anaerobic biodigestion of manure from finishing pig supplemented with ractopamine over different periods
Santos, Tânia M. B. dos ; Trevizan, Paula S. F. ; Xavier, Cristiane A. N. ; Kiefer, Charles ; Ferraz, André L. J. .
Engenharia Agrícola jun 2016, Volume 36 N. 3 Pages 399 - 407
ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of anaerobic digestion and biogas production by manure from pig supplemented with ractopamine over different periods. We used manure of 50 finishing pigs according to the following diets: without supplementation and supplemented with 20-ppm ractopamine during 7, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days pre-slaughter. Continuous bench biodigesters were used in the experiment. We measured biogas production and made analyses of total (TS) and volatile solids (VS), pH, total phosphorus (total P), total nitrogen (total N) and ammoniacal nitrogen (ammoniacal N) in samples of manure, affluent and effluent from biodigesters. The pH and ammoniacal N as indicator parameters of the process balance and stability were satisfactory. Moreover, there was no difference in the reduction of TS and VS (50.04 and 56.51%, respectively). Manure of animals supplemented with ractopamine for 35 and 28 days presented higher biogas production (0.0722 and 0.0603 m3 kg−1, respectively). The supplementation with 20-ppm ractopamine for finishing pigs from 7 to 35 days does not present collapse risks for the anaerobic biodigestion process.
RESUMO Objetivou-se avaliar a eficiência do processo de biodigestão anaeróbia e produção de biogás por dejetos de suínos suplementados com ractopamina em diferentes períodos. Utilizaram-se dejetos de 50 suínos em terminação, segundo as dietas recebidas: sem suplementação e com suplementação de 20 ppm de ractopamina durante sete, 14; 21; 28 e 35 dias pré-abate. Foram utilizados biodigestores contínuos de bancada, mensuradas as produções de biogás e realizadas as análises de sólidos totais (ST) e voláteis (SV), pH, fósforo total (P total), nitrogênio total (N total) e nitrogênio amoniacal (N amoniacal) em amostras de dejetos, afluentes e efluentes dos biodigestores. O pH e N amoniacal como parâmetros indicadores do equilíbrio e da estabilidade do processo apresentaram-se satisfatórios. Não houve diferença nas reduções de ST e SV (50,04 e 56,51%, respectivamente). Dejetos de animais suplementados com ractopamina por 35 e 28 dias apresentam maiores produções de biogás (0,0722 e 0,0603 m3/kg, respectivamente). A suplementação com 20 ppm de ractopamina para suínos em terminação, por sete a 35 dias, não oferece riscos de falência do processo de biodigestão anaeróbia.
10. Association of three putative periodontal pathogens with chronic periodontitis in Brazilian subjects
GONÇALVES, Cristiane ; SOARES, Geisla Mary S. ; FAVERI, Marcelo ; PÉREZ-CHAPARRO, Paula Juliana ; LOBÃO, Eduardo ; FIGUEIREDO, Luciene Cristina ; BACCELLI, Gustavo Titonele ; FERES, Magda .
Journal of Applied Oral Science apr 2016, Volume 24 N. 2 Pages 181 - 185
ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of Porphyromonas endodontalis, Filifactor alocis and Dialister pneumosintes with the occurrence of periodontitis. Material and Methods Thirty subjects with chronic periodontitis (ChP) and 10 with periodontal health (PH) were included in the study. Nine subgingival biofilm samples were collected as follows: i) PH group - from the mesial/buccal aspect of each tooth in two randomly chosen contralateral quadrants; ii) ChP group - from three sites in each of the following probing depth (PD) categories: shallow (≤3 mm), moderate (4-6 mm) and deep (≥7 mm). Checkerboard DNA-DNA hybridization was used to analyze the samples. Results We found the three species evaluated in a higher percentage of sites and at higher levels in the group with ChP than in the PH group (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney test). We also observed these differences when the samples from sites with PD≤4 mm or ≥5 mm of subjects with ChP were compared with those from subjects with PH (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney test). In addition, the prevalence and levels of D. pneumosintes, and especially of F. alocis were very low in healthy subjects (0.12x105 and 0.01x105, respectively). Conclusion F. alocis and D. pneumosintes might be associated with the etiology of ChP, and their role in the onset and progression of this infection should be further investigated. The role of P. endodontalis was less evident, since this species was found in relatively high levels and prevalence in the PH group.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-775720150445 1618 downloads
11. Candida albicans PROTEIN PROFILE CHANGES IN RESPONSE TO THE BUTANOLIC EXTRACT OF Sapindus saponaria L.
FIORINI, Adriana ; ROSADO, Fabio Rogério ; BETTEGA, Eliane Martins da Silva ; MELO, Kátia Cristina Sibin ; KUKOLJ, Caroline ; BONFIM-MENDONÇA, Patrícia de Souza ; SHINOBU-MESQUITA, Cristiane Suemi ; GHIRALDI, Luciana Dias ; CAMPANERUT, Paula Aline Zanetti ; CAPOCI, Isis Regina Grenier ; GODOY, Janine Silva Ribeiro ; FERREIRA, Izabel Cristina Piloto ; SVIDZINSKI, Terezinha Inez Estivalet .
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo 2016, Volume 58 elocation 25
Candida albicans is an opportunistic human pathogen that is capable of causing superficial and systemic infections in immunocompromised patients. Extracts of Sapindus saponaria have been used as antimicrobial agents against various organisms. In the present study, we used a combination of two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2D-PAGE) and matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) to identify the changes in protein abundance of C. albicans after exposure to the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and sub-minimal inhibitory concentration (sub-MIC) of the butanolic extract (BUTE) of S. saponaria and also to fluconazole. A total of six different proteins with greater than 1.5 fold induction or repression relative to the untreated control cells were identified among the three treatments. In general, proteins/enzymes involved with the glycolysis (GPM1, ENO1, FBA1), amino acid metabolism (ILV5, PDC11) and protein synthesis (ASC1) pathways were detected. In conclusion, our findings reveal antifungal-induced changes in protein abundance of C. albicans. By using the previously identified components of the BUTE of S. saponaria (e.g., saponins and sesquiterpene oligoglycosides), it will be possible to compare the behavior of compounds with unknown mechanisms of action, and this knowledge will help to focus the subsequent biochemical work aimed at defining the effects of these compounds.
https://doi.org/10.1590/s1678-9946201658025 2822 downloads
12. Antimicrobial activity of Stomoxys calcitransagainst Beauveria bassiana sensu lato isolates
Moraes, Ana Paula Rodrigues de ; Salles, Cristiane Martins Cardoso de ; Bittencourt, Vânia Rita Elias Pinheiro ; Bittencourt, Avelino José .
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária sep 2015, Volume 24 N. 3 Pages 331 - 339
This study had the aims of evaluating the antimicrobial characteristics of Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) larvae against the fungal isolates CG138, CG228 and ESALQ986 of Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin, 1912 (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae). S. calcitrans eggs, larvae and pupae were exposed to these same isolates. Statistical analysis showed that the immature stages of S. calcitrans were not susceptible to the fungal isolates used, regardless of the exposure method. Diffusion test on solid culture medium reveled that macerated S. calcitrans larvae exposed to isolate CG138 reduced CG138 fungal development. The analysis of the chromatographic profiles indicated that the macerate or mucus of larvae of the control group and the groups exposed to the isolate CG138 presented different profiles. Reduced development of the isolate CG138 on the larvae cuticle was observed by means of scanning electron microscopy.
Este estudo teve como objetivos avaliar as características antimicrobianas de larvas de Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae) contra os isolados CG138, CG228 e ESALQ986 de Beauveria bassiana sensu lato (Balsamo-Crivelli) Vuillemin, 1912 (Hypocreales: Cordycipitaceae). Ovos, larvas e pupas de S. calcitrans foram expostos a estes mesmos isolados. Após análise estatística, foi verificado que os estágios imaturos de S. calcitrans não foram susceptíveis aos isolados utilizados, independentemente do método de exposição utilizado. O teste de difusão em meio sólido mostrou que quando o isolado CG138 foi exposto a macerado de larvas houve redução do desenvolvimento fúngico. A análise dos perfis cromatográficos mostrou que o macerado ou muco de larvas do grupo controle e dos grupos expostos ao isolado CG138 apresentaram diferenças nos perfis. Um desenvolvimento reduzido do isolado CG138 na cutícula de larvas foi observado pela microscopia eletrônica de varredura.
https://doi.org/10.1590/S1984-29612015064 1277 downloads
13. Prevalence of psychiatric disorders among children and adolescents from four Brazilian regions
Paula, Cristiane S. ; Coutinho, Evandro S. ; Mari, Jair J. ; Rohde, Luis A. ; Miguel, Euripedes C. ; Bordin, Isabel A. .
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry jun 2015, Volume 37 N. 2 Pages 178 - 179
https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2014-1606 5207 downloads
14. Impact of training in autism for primary care providers: a pilot study
Bordini, Daniela ; Lowenthal, Rosane ; Gadelha, Ary ; Araujo Filho, Gerardo M.de ; Mari, Jair de J. ; Paula, Cristiane S. .
Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry mar 2015, Volume 37 N. 1 Pages 63 - 66
Objective: To evaluate the impact of a training program on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) identification offered to Brazilian health professionals. Methods: Twenty-two primary care providers participated in five 3-hour weekly training sessions. Results: The trained providers significantly improved their ASD knowledge after training in comparison with pre-training (mean score, 6.73 vs. 9.18, p < 0.01). Clinical practice also changed: 4 months after the training program, the providers had referred six times as many suspected cases of ASD to a specialized mental health service in comparison with the previous 4 months. Conclusion: This pilot training model seems a promising, feasible, and inexpensive way to improve early identification of ASD in the primary care system.
https://doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2014-1367 2259 downloads
15. Growing knowledge: an overview of Seed Plant diversity in Brazil
Zappi, Daniela C. ; Filardi, Fabiana L. Ranzato ; Leitman, Paula ; Souza, Vinícius C. ; Walter, Bruno M.T. ; Pirani, José R. ; Morim, Marli P. ; Queiroz, Luciano P. ; Cavalcanti, Taciana B. ; Mansano, Vidal F. ; Forzza, Rafaela C. ; Abreu, Maria C. ; Acevedo-Rodríguez, Pedro ; Agra, Maria F. ; Almeida Jr., Eduardo B. ; Almeida, Gracineide S.S. ; Almeida, Rafael F. ; Alves, Flávio M. ; Alves, Marccus ; Alves-Araujo, Anderson ; Amaral, Maria C.E. ; Amorim, André M. ; Amorim, Bruno ; Andrade, Ivanilza M. ; Andreata, Regina H.P. ; Andrino, Caroline O. ; Anunciação, Elisete A. ; Aona, Lidyanne Y.S. ; Aranguren, Yani ; Aranha Filho, João L.M. ; Araújo, Andrea O. ; Araújo, Ariclenes A.M. ; Araújo, Diogo ; Arbo, María M. ; Assis, Leandro ; Assis, Marta C. ; Assunção, Vivian A. ; Athiê-Souza, Sarah M. ; Azevedo, Cecilia O. ; Baitello, João B. ; Barberena, Felipe F.V.A. ; Barbosa, Maria R.V. ; Barros, Fábio ; Barros, Lucas A.V. ; Barros, Michel J.F. ; Baumgratz, José F.A. ; Bernacci, Luis C. ; Berry, Paul E. ; Bigio, Narcísio C. ; Biral, Leonardo ; Bittrich, Volker ; Borges, Rafael A.X. ; Bortoluzzi, Roseli L.C. ; Bove, Cláudia P. ; Bovini, Massimo G. ; Braga, João M.A. ; Braz, Denise M. ; Bringel Jr., João B.A. ; Bruniera, Carla P. ; Buturi, Camila V. ; Cabral, Elza ; Cabral, Fernanda N. ; Caddah, Mayara K. ; Caires, Claudenir S. ; Calazans, Luana S.B. ; Calió, Maria F. ; Camargo, Rodrigo A. ; Campbell, Lisa ; Canto-Dorow, Thais S. ; Carauta, Jorge P.P. ; Cardiel, José M. ; Cardoso, Domingos B.O.S. ; Cardoso, Leandro J.T. ; Carneiro, Camila R. ; Carneiro, Cláudia E. ; Carneiro-Torres, Daniela S. ; Carrijo, Tatiana T. ; Caruzo, Maria B.R. ; Carvalho, Maria L.S. ; Carvalho-Silva, Micheline ; Castello, Ana C.D. ; Cavalheiro, Larissa ; Cervi, Armando C. ; Chacon, Roberta G. ; Chautems, Alain ; Chiavegatto, Berenice ; Chukr, Nádia S. ; Coelho, Alexa A.O.P. ; Coelho, Marcus A.N. ; Coelho, Rubens L.G. ; Cordeiro, Inês ; Cordula, Elizabeth ; Cornejo, Xavier ; Côrtes, Ana L.A. ; Costa, Andrea F. ; Costa, Fabiane N. ; Costa, Jorge A.S. ; Costa, Leila C. ; Costa-e-Silva, Maria B. ; Costa-Lima, James L. ; Cota, Maria R.C. ; Couto, Ricardo S. ; Daly, Douglas C. ; De Stefano, Rodrigo D. ; De Toni, Karen ; Dematteis, Massimiliano ; Dettke, Greta A. ; Di Maio, Fernando R. ; Dórea, Marcos C. ; Duarte, Marília C. ; Dutilh, Julie H.A. ; Dutra, Valquíria F. ; Echternacht, Lívia ; Eggers, Lilian ; Esteves, Gerleni ; Ezcurra, Cecilia ; Falcão Junior, Marcus J.A. ; Feres, Fabíola ; Fernandes, José M. ; Ferreira, D.M.C. ; Ferreira, Fabrício M. ; Ferreira, Gabriel E. ; Ferreira, Priscila P.A. ; Ferreira, Silvana C. ; Ferrucci, Maria S. ; Fiaschi, Pedro ; Filgueiras, Tarciso S. ; Firens, Marcela ; Flores, Andreia S. ; Forero, Enrique ; Forster, Wellington ; Fortuna-Perez, Ana P. ; Fortunato, Reneé H. ; Fraga, Cléudio N. ; França, Flávio ; Francener, Augusto ; Freitas, Joelcio ; Freitas, Maria F. ; Fritsch, Peter W. ; Furtado, Samyra G. ; Gaglioti, André L. ; Garcia, Flávia C.P. ; Germano Filho, Pedro ; Giacomin, Leandro ; Gil, André S.B. ; 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Rodriguésia 2015, Volume 66 N. 4 Pages 1085 - 1113
Abstract An updated inventory of Brazilian seed plants is presented and offers important insights into the country's biodiversity. This work started in 2010, with the publication of the Plants and Fungi Catalogue, and has been updated since by more than 430 specialists working online. Brazil is home to 32,086 native Angiosperms and 23 native Gymnosperms, showing an increase of 3% in its species richness in relation to 2010. The Amazon Rainforest is the richest Brazilian biome for Gymnosperms, while the Atlantic Rainforest is the richest one for Angiosperms. There was a considerable increment in the number of species and endemism rates for biomes, except for the Amazon that showed a decrease of 2.5% of recorded endemics. However, well over half of Brazillian seed plant species (57.4%) is endemic to this territory. The proportion of life-forms varies among different biomes: trees are more expressive in the Amazon and Atlantic Rainforest biomes while herbs predominate in the Pampa, and lianas are more expressive in the Amazon, Atlantic Rainforest, and Pantanal. This compilation serves not only to quantify Brazilian biodiversity, but also to highlight areas where there information is lacking and to provide a framework for the challenge faced in conserving Brazil's unique and diverse flora.
Resumo Um levantamento atualizado das plantas com sementes e análises relevantes acerca desta biodiversidade são apresentados. Este trabalho se iniciou em 2010 com a publicação do Catálogo de Plantas e Fungos e, desde então vem sendo atualizado por mais de 430 especialistas trabalhando online. O Brasil abriga atualmente 32.086 espécies nativas de Angiospermas e 23 espécies nativas de Gimnospermas e estes novos dados mostram um aumento de 3% da riqueza em relação a 2010. A Amazônia é o Domínio Fitogeográfico com o maior número de espécies de Gimnospermas, enquanto que a Floresta Atlântica possui a maior riqueza de Angiospermas. Houve um crescimento considerável no número de espécies e nas taxas de endemismo para a maioria dos Domínios (Caatinga, Cerrado, Floresta Atlântica, Pampa e Pantanal), com exceção da Amazônia que apresentou uma diminuição de 2,5% de endemicidade. Entretanto, a maior parte das plantas com sementes que ocorrem no Brasil (57,4%) é endêmica deste território. A proporção de formas de vida varia de acordo com os diferentes Domínios: árvores são mais expressivas na Amazônia e Floresta Atlântica do que nos outros biomas, ervas são dominantes no Pampa e as lianas apresentam riqueza expressiva na Amazônia, Floresta Atlântica e Pantanal. Este trabalho não só quantifica a biodiversidade brasileira, mas também indica as lacunas de conhecimento e o desafio a ser enfrentado para a conservação desta flora.
https://doi.org/10.1590/2175-7860201566411 33340 downloads
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