The aim of this work is to study the properties of systems based on polypropylene (PP) and commercial organophilic montmorillonite, prepared by melt intercalation. Because of the non polar character of PP, the polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride (PP-g-MA) was used as compatibilizer. Materials containing 2.5, 5, 7.5 and 10% of clay and PP, and two extra compositions containing only PP and 15 and 30% of PP-g-MA were processed using a twin-screw extruder. The level of clay dispersion was characterized by X ray diffraction, showing exfoliated/intercalated structures for different concentrations of clay. The crystallization behavior was studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and polarizing optical microscopy (POM) with hot stage. Tensile properties were also studied and presented a moderate improvement with increase in clay concentration.
Nanocomposites of polypropylene and commercial montmorillonite organophilic Cloisite 20A containing 2.5%, 5%, 7.5% and 10% of clay with polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride as coupling agent were prepared through the melt intercalation by twin-screw extruder. The materials were characterized by x-ray diffraction, tensile and impact properties according to ASTM D638 and D256 test methods, respectively. The x-ray diffraction results showed exfoliated or intercalated structures for different concentrations of the clay. The tensile modulus improved with the increase of the amount of the clay while the impact strength showed unsatisfactory results.
Neste trabalho foram preparados nanocompósitos de polipropileno e montmorilonita organofílica comercial Cloisite 20A em concentrações de 2,5%, 5,0%, 7,5% e 10,0% e polipropileno graftizado com anidrido maleico como agente compatibilizante pela técnica de intercalação do fundido em extrusora de dupla rosca. Os materiais obtidos foram caracterizados por difração de raios x, ensaios de tração e impacto de acordo com as normas ASTM D638 e D256, respectivamente. Os resultados de difração de raios x indicaram a formação de nanocompósitos com estruturas parcialmente esfoliadas ou intercaladas, dependendo da composição, que proporcionaram aumento do módulo de elasticidade enquanto as propriedades de resistência ao impacto não foram satisfatórias.