Abstract Objective We evaluated risk factors to determine if there were specific risk factors that could predict massive bleeding in nulliparous women with placenta previa. Methods The participants were classified into two groups. Women with a calculated blood loss ≥ 1,000mL were included in the massive bleeding group. Women without any signs or symptoms related with hypovolemia or with a calculated bleeding volume < 1,000 mL were categorized into the non-massive bleeding group. Results There were 28 patients (40.6%) with massive bleeding and 41 cases (59.4%) with non-massive bleeding. The calculated blood loss and number of cases that required red cell transfusions were statistically different between the groups (< 0.005 and 0.002, respectively). There were no statistically significant differences in terms of maternal or fetal factors, placental location, or delivery characteristics between the two groups. Conclusion We could not determine the predictive features for massive hemorrhage based on clinical features, delivery features, or placental location.
Abstract Objective To evaluate the outcomes of cases of prenatally-diagnosed congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM). Methods We retrospectively evaluated cases of prenatally-diagnosed CPAM between 2004 and 2018. Ultrasonographic features such as visualization of a fetal lung mass and heterogeneous pulmonary parenchyma were used for CPAM diagnosis. Prenatal and postnatal findings were compared in terms of accuracy regarding the CPAM diagnosis. Results The sample consisted of 27 cases. There were four cases in which the patients opted for the termination of pregnancy due to the severity of the lesion. A total of 23 neonates were delivered, and CPAM was confirmed in 15 cases. Themedian gestational age at delivery was 37 weeks (28-40 weeks) and the mean birth weight was 2,776 g. There were two neonatal deaths, one due to pneumothorax, and the other due to hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS). A total of five patients with respiratory problems were operated in the postpartum period. There were eight misdiagnosis: bronchopulmonary sequestration (five cases), congenital lobar emphysema (two cases), and congenital diaphragm hernia (one case). Conclusion A precise postnatal diagnosis is very important to organize the proper management of the pregnancies with fetuses with CPAM. The positive predictive value of the prenatal diagnosis of CPAM via ultrasonography is of 70.3%. The differential diagnosis of CPAM may be prolonged to the postpartum period in some cases.
ABSTRACT Objective: This study aims to give information about the relationship between different types of factor deficiencies and maternal/obstetric outcomes. Methods We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of eight women with factor deficiency disorders. The demographic and clinical features of the patients after their last pregnancies were registered retrospectively. Results: There were 29 pregnancies among the 8 patients. The spontaneous abortion rate was relatively high in two patients with factor XIII deficiency (80% and 57.1%) compared with the other factor deficiency groups. There were 16 births, which included 1 set of twins, and 2 deaths (1 stillbirth and 1 postpartum exitus occurred in the same patient). Intrauterine growth restriction was noted in five cases; four of these occurred in factor X deficiency cases. The mean decrease in hemoglobin level of all patients after birth was 1.7 g/dL (range, 0.2-3.6 g/dL). Red blood cell transfusion was required only in one case of factor XIII deficiency. Conclusions: There is currently no consensus on the pregnancy management of women with factor deficiencies because of the limited knowledge due to the rarity of such disorders. Labor should be managed in a dedicated unit with a team consisting of an obstetrician, a hematologist, an anesthesiologist, a midwife, and a pediatrician to minimalize the complications.
RESUMO Objetivo: O presente estudo objetiva fornecer informações sobre a relação entre diferentes tipos de deficiências de fator e resultados obstétricos e maternais. Métodos Análise retrospectiva de registros médicos de oito mulheres com deficiências de fator. Dados demográficos e clínicos das pacientes após sua última gestação foram obtidos. Resultados: Vinte e nove gestações ocorreram entre as oito pacientes. As taxas de abortos espontâneos foram relativamente altas em duas pacientes com deficiência de fator XIII (80% e 57,1%) se comparadas aos demais grupos de deficiências de fator. Ocorreram dezesseis nascimentos, sendo que um deles foi o de um par de gêmeos, e dois óbitos (um natimorto e um pós-parto na mesma paciente). Restrição de crescimento intrauterino foi identificada em cinco casos, sendo quatro destes com deficiência de fator X. A principal baixa em nível de hemoglobina entre todas as pacientes após o parto foi de 1,7 g/dL (variação, 0,2-3,6 g/dL). Transfusão de hemácias foi necessária apenas em um caso com deficiência de fator XIII. Conclusão: Não há consenso atualmente para o manejo de gestantes com deficiências de fator em função do conhecimento limitado, dada a raridade de tais condições. O parto deve ocorrer em uma unidade específica com uma equipe composta de obstetra, hematologista, anestesista, parteira, e pediatra para minimizar as complicações