Abstract In the current study, twenty-eight bacterial strains were isolated from home-made yogurt samples from Ağrı Province, Turkey. The bacterial strains were identified by conventional and molecular techniques. Among the twenty- eight isolates, seventeen isolates were identified according to the 16 S rDNA region and determined to belong to five different genus including Sphingomonas (8 isolates), Burkholderia (5 isolates), Lactobacillus (2 isolates), Lactococcus (1 isolate), Staphylococcus (1 isolate). In this study, the presence of Burkholderia in home-made yogurt samples were reported for the first time, whereas Sphingomonas was detected for the second time. We also investigated the carbonate (CaCO3 and MgCO3) and silicate (CaSiO3 and MgSiO3) dissolving potential of seventeen bacterial isolates. Among these seventeen bacterial isolates, fifteen bacterial isolates have CaCO3-dissolving and 10 bacterial isolates have MgCO3-dissolving potential. The silicates dissolution ability was relatively less than that of carbonates dissolving. We observed that six bacterial isolates have CaSiO3 and only two bacterial isolates have MgSiO3 dissolution abilities. In conclusion, this work clearly shows the diversity of bacteria existing in fermented cow milk samples in Ağrı Province, Turkey, which could be considered as valuable sources for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolation and further probiotic potential.
ABSTRACT In the current study, 18 halotolerant and halophilic bacteria have been investigated for their plant growth promoting abilities in vitro and in a hydroponic culture. The bacterial strains have been investigated for ammonia, indole-3-acetic acid and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate-deaminase production, phosphate solubilisation and nitrogen fixation activities. Of the tested bacteria, eight were inoculated with Triticum aestivum in a hydroponic culture. The investigated bacterial strains were found to have different plant-growth promoting activities in vitro. Under salt stress (200 mM NaCl), the investigated bacterial strains significantly increased the root and shoot length and total fresh weight of the plants. The growth rates of the plants inoculated with bacterial strains ranged from 62.2% to 78.1%.Identifying of novel halophilic and halotolerant bacteria that promote plant growth can be used as alternatives for salt sensitive plants. Extensive research has been conducted on several halophilic and halotolerant bacterial strains to investigate their plant growth promoting activities. However, to the best of my knowledge, this is the first study to inoculate these bacterial strains with wheat.