Abstract Introduction: Functional reach (FR) and lateral reach (LR) tests are widely used in scientific research and clinical practice. Assessment tools are useful in assessing subjects with greater accuracy and are usually adapted according to the limitations of each condition. Objective: To adapt FR and LR tests for use in an aquatic environment and assess the performance of healthy young adults. Methods: We collected anthropometric data and information on whether the participant exercised regularly or not. The FR and LR tests were adapted for use in an aquatic environment and administered to 47 healthy subjects aged 20-30 years. Each test was repeated three times. Results: Forty-one females and six males were assessed. The mean FR test score for men was 24.06 cm, whereas the mean value for right lateral reach (RLR) was 10.94 cm and for left lateral reach (LLR) was 9.78 cm. For females, the mean FR score was 17.57 cm, while the mean values for RLR was 8.84cm and for LLR was 7.76 cm. Men performed better in the FR (p < 0.001) and RLR tests than women (p = 0.037). Individuals who exercised regularly showed no differences in performance level when compared with their counterparts. Conclusion: The FR and LR tests were adapted for use in an aquatic environment. Males performed better on the FR and RLR tests, when compared to females. There was no correlation between the FR and LR tests and weight, height, Body Mass Index (BMI), foot length or length of the dominant upper limb.
Resumo Introdução: Os testes de alcance funcional (AF) e Alcance Lateral (AL) são comumente utilizados em pesquisas científicas e na prática clínica. Os instrumentos de avaliação promovem maior segurança para avaliar cada indivíduo com maior acurasse nos resultados e são adaptados de acordo com as limitações de cada doença. Objetivo: Adaptar os testes de AF e AL para o ambiente aquático e verificar o desempenho de jovens saudáveis. Métodos: Foram coletados os dados antropométricos, e os jovens foram questionados se realizavam atividade física. Os testes de AF e AL foram adaptados para o ambiente aquático e aplicados em 47 sujeitos saudáveis com idade entre 20 e 30 anos. Repetiu-se três vezes cada teste. Resultados: 41 mulheres e seis homens foram avaliados. A média do teste de AF para os homens foi de 24,06cm, alcance lateral direito (ALD) foi 10,94cm, alcance lateral esquerdo (ALE) foi 9,78cm para os homens. No grupo das mulheres, o AF foi de 17,57cm, para ALD 8,84cm e ALE 7,76cm. Homens apresentaram melhor desempenho no AF (p < 0.001) e no ALD do que as mulheres (p = 0.037). Os indivíduos que praticavam atividade física não apresentaram diferenças de desempenho nos testes. Conclusão: Os testes de AF e AL foram adaptados para o meio aquático. Homens apresentaram um melhor desempenho no teste de AF e ALD comparado com as mulheres. Os testes de AF e AL não apresentaram correlação com peso, altura, Índice de Massa Corpórea (IMC) e comprimento do pé e do MS dominante.
This experiment aimed at evaluating the effect of the dietary inclusion of caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on the performance and internal and external egg quality of commercial layers. One hundred and twenty 25-week-old Hy-line Brown layers, with 1575 ± 91 average body weight, were distributed according to a completely randomized experimental design with three treatments (control, 1.2% caffeinated coffee, or 1.2% decaffeinated coffee) of five replicates of eight birds each. The inclusion of 1.2% caffeinated coffee was calculated to supply 6mg caffeine per kg body weight, which is considered a moderate dose. The applied treatments did not influence (p>0.05) feed intake, egg production, egg weight, egg mass, feed conversion ratio, Haugh units, yolk color or albumen and yolk percentages. The eggs of hens fed 1.2% caffeinated coffee presented lower (p<0.05) eggshell thickness and egg specific density. The eggs of layers fed 1.2% caffeinated coffee tended (p=0.0637) to present lower eggshell percentage. It was concluded that feeding caffeinated coffee to commercial layers does not affect their performance or internal egg quality; however, eggshell quality is impaired.