ABSTRACT The interdependence between governance and legitimacy of the courts is a subject that has not been much studied by scholars, especially those from the fields of public administration and organizational studies. Taking into account the importance of these topics for the functioning of these organizations, the purpose of this essay is twofold: to enrich the debate on the contribution of good governance to the legitimacy of courts, and to encourage researchers to address these themes in greater depth. To this end, the main literature on governance and legitimacy of courts is analyzed. Theoretical approaches contribute to the discussion of the functioning of courts, which are highly institutionalized organizations that depend heavily on a presumption of legitimacy. Ensuring this legitimacy has been one of the challenges for these organizations, which are required to adopt governance models that contribute to better management and performance. We argue that there are managerial and substantive implications for society, since the governance and legitimacy of courts can affect the system of justice. We put forward some propositions on the influence of judicial governance on the legitimacy of the justice system and on the perception of legitimacy of the courts. These propositions provide insights for a research agenda on these issues.
Abstract The objective of this research was to investigate the political-cultural process related to the debate on the reform of Brazilian Courts of Accounts (CAs), law enforcement organizations responsible for controlling public resources. The research focused on analyzing how legitimacy accounts conducted by different categories of actors manifested themselves in the debate about the reform of Brazilian CAs from 2000 to 2017. We collected data from documentary sources, such as parliamentary speeches, public hearings debates, and news. Interviews were also conducted with representatives of the various categories of actors, including professional corporations, media, academia, judiciary, and organized civil society. Through the analysis of the mobilization process and the central arguments that called for the legitimacy of reform (legitimacy accounts), the results pointed to: (a) the centrality of professional corporations, both in the mediation and translation of the debate, and in the design of intervention strategies in the organizational field, and; (b) the identification of organizational, relational, procedural, jurisdictional and responsive aspects related to the multidimensional legitimacy of CAs. The results contribute to the areas of organizational studies, public administration and administration of justice.
Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar o processo político-cultural relacionado ao debate em torno da reforma dos Tribunais de Contas brasileiros (TCs), organizações de aplicação da lei responsáveis pelo controle de recursos públicos. A pesquisa centrou-se em analisar como legitimacy accounts conduzidos por diferentes categorias de atores se manifestaram no debate acerca da reforma dos TCs brasileiros no período de 2000 a 2017. Foram coletados dados de fontes documentais como discursos parlamentares, audiências públicas, debates e notícias. Também foram realizadas entrevistas com representantes de diversas categorias de atores, incluindo corporações profissionais, mídia, academia e sociedade civil organizada. Por meio da análise do processo de mobilização e dos argumentos centrais que apelaram para a legitimidade da reforma (legitimacy accounts), os resultados apontaram para: (a) a centralidade das corporações profissionais, tanto na mediação e tradução do debate, quanto no desenho de estratégias de intervenção no campo organizacional, e; (b) a identificação de aspectos organizacionais, relacionais, processuais, jurisdicionais e responsivos ligados à multidimensionalidade da legitimidade dos TCs. Os resultados contribuem para as áreas de estudos organizacionais, de administração pública e de administração da Justiça. JEL Code: D73, E6, H83