OBJECTIVE: Colorectal surgeons often struggle to explain to administrators/payers reasons for prolonged length of stay (LOS). This study aim was to identify factors associated with increased LOS after colorectal surgery. DESIGN: The study population included patients from the 2007 American-College-of-Surgeons-National-Surgical-Quality-Improvement-Program (ACS-NSQIP) database undergoing ileocolic resection, segmental colectomy, or anterior resection. The study population was divided into normal (below 75th percentile) and prolonged LOS (above the 75th percentile). A multivariate analysis was performed using prolonged LOS as dependent variable and ACS-NSQIP variables as predictive variables. P-value < 0.01 was considered significant. RESULTS: 12,269 patients with a median LOS of 6 (inter-quartile range 4-9) days were included. There were 2,617 (21.3%) patients with prolonged LOS (median 15 days, inter-quartile range 13-22). 1,308 (50%) were female, and the median age was 69 (inter-quartile range 57-79) years. Risk factors for prolonged LOS were male gender, congestive heart failure, weight loss, Crohn's disease, preoperative albumin < 3.5 g/dL and hematocrit < 47%, baseline sepsis, ASA class ≥ 3, open surgery, surgical time ≥ 190 min, postoperative pneumonia, failure to wean from mechanical ventilation, deep venous thrombosis, urinary-tract infection, systemic sepsis, surgical site infection and reoperation within 30-days from the primary surgery. CONCLUSION: Multiple factors are associated with increased LOS after colorectal surgery. Our results are useful for surgeons to explain prolonged LOS to administrators/payers who are critical of this metric.
OBJETIVO: Os cirurgiões proctologistas muitas vezes enfrentam dificuldades para explicar aos administradores/contribuintes as razões para o prolongamento do tempo de internação hospitalar (TIH). O objetivo deste estudo foi identificar os fatores associados ao aumento do TIH após cirurgia colorretal. MÉTODO: A população do estudo incluiu pacientes que constam do banco de dados do American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) no ano de 2007 e que foram submetidos à ressecção ileocólica, colectomia segmentar ou ressecção anterior. A população do estudo foi dividida em normal (abaixo do percentil 75) e TIH prolongado (acima do percentil 75). A análise multivariada foi realizada usando o TIH prolongado como variável dependente e as variáveis do ACS-NSQIP como preditivas. Um valor de p < 0,01 foi considerado significativo. RESULTADOS: No total, 12.269 pacientes com um TIH mediano de 6 dias (intervalo interquartil, 4-9) foram incluídos. Havia 2.617 pacientes (21,3%) com TIH prolongado (mediana, 15 dias; intervalo interquartil, 13-22). A idade média dos pacientes era de 69 anos (intervalo interquartil, 57-79) e 1.308 (50%) eram do sexo feminino. Os fatores de risco para TIH prolongado foram sexo masculino, insuficiência cardíaca congestiva, perda de peso, doença de Crohn, albumina < 3,5 g/dL e hematócrito < 47% no pré-operatório, sepse basal, classe ASA ≥ 3, cirurgia aberta, tempo cirúrgico ≥ 190 minutos, pneumonia no pós-operatório, falha no desmame da ventilação mecânica, trombose venosa profunda, infecção do trato urinário, sepse sistêmica, infecção do sítio cirúrgico e reoperação dentro de 30 dias da cirurgia primária. CONCLUSÃO: Vários fatores estão associados ao aumento do TIH após a cirurgia colorretal. Nossos resultados são úteis para que os cirurgiões possam explicar os TIH prolongados aos administradores/contribuintes que são críticos dessa métrica.
PURPOSE: Issues related to body image and a permanent stoma after abdominoperineal resection may decrease quality of life in rectal cancer patients. However, specific problems associated with a low anastomosis may similarly affect quality of life for patients undergoing low anterior resection. The aim of this study was to compare quality of life of low rectal cancer patients after undergoing abdominoperineal resection versus low anterior resection. METHODS: Demographics, tumor and treatment characteristics, and prospectively collected preoperative quality-of-life data for patients undergoing low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection for low rectal cancer between 1995 and 2009 were compared. Quality of life collected at specific time intervals was compared for the two groups, adjusting for age, body mass index, use of chemoradiation, and 30 days postoperative complications. The short-form-36 questionnaire was used to determine quality of life. RESULTS: The query returned 153 patients (abdominoperineal resection = 68, low anterior resection = 85) with a median follow-up of 24 (3-64) mo. The after abdominoperineal resection group had a higher mean age (63 + 12 vs. 54 + 12, p < 0.001) and more American Society of Anesthesiologists classification 3/4 patients (65 percent vs. 43 percent, p = 0.03) than low anterior resection. Other demographics, tumor stage, use of chemoradiation, overall postoperative complication rates, and quality-of-life follow-up time were not statistically different in both groups. Patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection had a lower baseline short-form-36 mental component score than those undergoing low anterior resection. However, 6 mo after surgery this difference was no longer statistically significant and essentially disappeared at 36 mo after surgery. CONCLUSION: Patients undergoing abdominoperineal resection for low rectal cancer have a similar long-term quality of life as those undergoing low anterior resection. These findings can help clinicians to better counsel patients with low rectal cancer who are being considered for abdominoperineal resection.