Abstract The Ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) is the largest species of this genus, despite having broad distribution in the Americas; it is included in the main list of endangered species. Their conservation is widely studied, but there is a lack of studies about their morphology. In order to contribute to the knowledge of its reproductive system, five male and female ocelots were examined macro- and microscopically by histological techniques. Macroscopic analysis of the male reproductive system revealed presence of prostate and bulbourethral gland located caudally to the urinary bladder and a penis with small spicules. Microscopically, the testes were encased by the tunica albuginea and divided it into lobules with 5-10 tubules per lobe. In females, macroscopic analysis demonstrated two ovaries position dorsally in the sublumbar region and caudal to the kidneys. The bicornuate uterus is composed by uterine horns (12 to 14 cm in length), which travels from the ovaries in a caudal direction to form a small uterine body (4 cm in length). The ovary analysis revealed, in longitudinal section, medullary region composed of loose connective tissue, a stroma rich in blood vessels, and an external parenchymal region surrounded by a tunica albuginea. The results of the study confirmed the similarity between ocelot's reproductive system as domestic cat's ones and showing for the first time the complete morphological tool to highlight these organs and tissue in this male and female endangered wild felid specie. The present study open venue for other researchers to consider morphological and preservationist features and aimed to help at long-term conservation of wild felines.
Abstract The immune system is mainly responsible for protecting the organism against agents that may interfere in its homeostasis. Thus, understand how this system develops and operates is very important, for create new therapies to assist this system in its operation, such as its failure. In domestic dogs, few studies show how actually occurs the development, maturation and functioning of the immune system. Therefore, this study demonstrates the development and possible activation of it on dog fetus from late gestational period by in situ and microscopic analyzes.
Abstract: The formalization is the main form of body and anatomic conservation, mainly due to its low cost. The technique is based on the use of formaldehyde (5-20%) as fixative and preservative. However there are several negative factors on their use, unpleasant smell, browning, weight gain and stiffness of parts and serious environmental problems if disposed of incorrectly, and is a product classified by the International Agency for Research on Cancer as highly carcinogenic. There are several options to replace formaldehyde and glicerinação is one of them, whose which will be treated in this work. Glycerin dehydrates the cell and acts as antifungal and antibacterial, and has many advantages compared to formaldehyde. But its cost is still high and this explains their limited use in the anatomy lab. This work aims to show the advantages of using glycerin in relation to formaldehyde and propose a possible replacement of this carcinogen to preserve the health of students, staff and teachers within the laboratory, and allows a more pleasant environment for learning.
Resumo: A formalização é a principal forma de conservação de corpos e peças anatômicas, devido principalmente ao seu baixo custo. A técnica baseia-se na utilização do formaldeído (5-20%) como fixador e conservador. Entretanto existem vários fatores negativos à sua utilização, como odor desagradável, escurecimento, aumento de peso e rigidez das peças e sérios problemas ambientais quando descartada de forma incorreta, além de ser um produto classificado pela Agência Internacional de Pesquisas em Câncer como altamente cancerígeno. Existem várias opções para substituir o formaldeído, a glicerinação é uma delas, cujo será tratada neste trabalho. A glicerina atua como antifúngico e bactericida, além de ter muitas vantagens em relação ao formol, tratando-se de odor, textura e coloração, além de não ser prejudicial a saúde. Porém o seu custo ainda é elevado e isso explica sua pouca utilização em laboratórios de anatomia. Este trabalho tem como objetivo mostrar as vantagens do uso da glicerina em relação ao formol e propor uma possível substituição deste produto cancerígeno para preservar a saúde dos alunos, funcionários e professores dentro do laboratório, além de permitir um ambiente mais agradável para o aprendizado.