BACKGROUND: Superficial mycoses are fungal infections limited to the outermost layers of the skin. Dermatophytic filamentous fungi and yeasts are the major causative agents of these mycoses. Dermatophytosis is one of the clinical conditions caused by fungal infections most commonly found in dermatological practice. Thus, knowledge of the ecology of dermatophytes provides a better understanding of the natural history of dermatophytosis. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate epidemiological and mycological features of superficial mycoses diagnosed from 2005 to 2011 in the Dermatology Clinic of the Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo, Brazil. METHOD: This retrospective study was conducted in the Laboratory of Medical Mycology at the Dermatology Clinic of the Hospital do Servidor Público Municipal de São Paulo. Mycological examinations of 9042 patients with clinical suspicion of superficial mycoses performed between 2005 and 2011 were reviewed. RESULTS: Of 9042 direct microscopic examinations, 2626 (29%) were positive for dermatophytes, 205 (2.3%) were positive for Malassezia, 191 (2.1%) were positive for other types of yeast, 48 (0.5%) were positive for bacteria, and 5972 (66%) were negative. Mean age of patients was 48 years, 6920 (77%) patients were female and 2112 (23%) were male. CONCLUSION: The biota consisted of six dermatophyte species: T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, M. gypseum, T. tonsurans, E. floccosum, and M. canis. The most common site of involvement was the nail and foot in adults and scalp in children, with a female predominance. Both Candida and Malassezia were more prevalent in adult women, the former most commonly affecting the interdigital region and nails and the latter the chest and neck.
The umbilicus can be affected by various skin diseases including metastasis of internal malignancies, at which point it is known as Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule. The authors report a case of Sister Mary Joseph's Nodule as the first sign of internal malignancy and highlight the importance for the dermatologist to recognize the condition
A cicatriz umbilical pode ser acometida por diversas dermatoses inclusive metástase de neoplasias internas quando então recebe a denominação de nódulo da Irmã Maria José. Os autores relatam um caso de nódulo da Irmã Maria José como primeiro sinal de neoplasia interna destacando desta forma a importância do dermatologista no reconhecimento desta entidade