ABSTRACT This study aims to explore the relationship between the anxious symptoms and the impairment of 5-hydroxytryptamine system in PD mice induced by different dosages of MPTP. The mice from the three model groups, the low-dose, dose and high-dose group, took longer time in the dark box than those in the control group (P<0.05). However, no statistically significant differences were found among the model groups. The number of open arm entry (OE) and the open arm time (OT) were significant lower in the model group than those in the control group in the elevated plus-maze test (P＜0.05). The percentage of OE in modle group was significantly lower compared with the control group (P＜0.05). The concentrations of striatum DA, HVA, 5-HT, and 5-HIAA were significantly reduced in the three model groups compared to the control group (P＜0.05). The 5-HT concentrations of high-dose group was significantly lower than those of the control group in the prefrontal cortex (P＜0.05). Anxiety symptoms were appeared in the three model groups of early PD mice, but no difference existed among these groups. The 5-hydroxytryptamine system was damaged after MPTP injection, which could lead to anxiety. However, the impairment of 5-hydroxytryptamine system induced by MPTP was dose-independent.