Abstract: We report a 12-year-old girl who presented with recurrent angioedema on the face, trunk, and extremities, and concomitant marked weight gain for 5 years. During the episode, her white blood cell count increased to 47.7×109/L with 89.9% eosinophils, followed by elevated serum level of IL-5, IgE, IgM, and LDH. Histopathology showed perivascular eosinophilic infiltration and diffuse eosinophilic infiltration throughout the dermis. Possible causes of hypereosinophilia and eosinophilic infiltration of vital organs were ruled out. We also tested the FIP1L1/PDGFRa and ETV6/PDGFRb fusion gene to exclude the possibility of myeloid and lymphatic vessel neoplasms. The patient was treated with methylprednisolone and discharged with an oral prednisolone taper, which resulted in complete remission of the edema and normalization of peripheral blood eosinophil count, serum IL-5 level, IgE, IgM, and LDH.
Abstract: We report an imported case of cutaneous leishmaniasis in a 37-year-old man from Saudi Arabia caused by Leishmania major. He presented with non-healing nodulo-ulcerative lesions with a "volcanic crater" on the lower limbs. It was clearly cutaneous leishmaniasis - a rare disease in China - as reflected by the patient's clinical history, the lesions' morphology, histopathological examination, culture and PCR analysis of the lesions. The patient was completely cured after two cycles of sodium stibogluconate treatment. This case report demonstrates that dermatologists should be aware of sporadic cutaneous leishmaniasis cases in non-endemic areas.
We present a case of PNP associated with Castleman's Disease. We have also reviewed the literature and described the characteristics of the two associated diseases. Gene clonal rearrangement was done to help diagnosis. We used, in addition, stereotactic radiosurgery which, as far as we know, has never before been employed to treat PNP associated with Castleman's Disease. This produced a good response, suggesting that it might be a good alternative treatment for PNP associated with Castleman's Disease when it is too difficult to operate.
Apresentamos um caso de PNP associada à doença de Castleman.Também revisamos a literatura, e referenciamos as características das duas doenças associadas. Um rearranjo genético clonal foi feito para ajudar o diagnóstico. Além disso, usamos a radiocirurgia que até então nunca havia sido utilizada para tratar PNP associada à doença de Castleman. Esta produziu uma boa resposta, sugerindo que pode ser uma boa alternativa para o tratamento de PNP associada com a doença de Castleman quando é muito difícil fazer uma cirugia convencional.