ABSTRACT The objective with this study was to evaluate intake, feeding behavior, rumen fluid characteristics, performance, and nutrient digestibility of sheep fed banana pseudostem hay (BPH) with and without virginiamycin (VM). Thirty-two uncastrated male crossbred Dorper × Santa Inês lambs at approximately five months of age, with an average initial body weight of 25.00±1.95 kg, were used in the experiment. Four diets were tested, as follows: Tifton grass hay (TGH) plus concentrate with VM; BPH replacing 60% of TGH plus concentrate with VM; TGH plus concentrate without VM; and BPH replacing 60% of TGH plus concentrate without VM. The experiment was set up as a completely randomized design in a 2×2 factorial arrangement, in which the factors were represented by BPH and TGH with and without VM, organized in an orthogonal contrast. Banana pseudostem hay inclusion influenced nutrient intake, except for non-fibrous carbohydrates corrected for ash and protein. Neither idling nor water intake times were changed by VM inclusion or banana pseudostem hay addition. Rumen fluid pH did not differ among the contrasts (THV+BHV) vs. (TH+BH), THV vs. TH, and BHV vs. BH, which were used to evaluate VM influence. Banana pseudostem increased rumen fluid pH in the contrast THV vs. BHV, both treatments including VM. Mean temperature of rumen fluid was 34.07 °C, and it did not change by inclusions of VM or banana pseudostem hay. No difference was observed for crude protein digestibility in the evaluated contrasts. When associated with virginiamycin, banana pseudostem hay provides satisfactory performance and nutritional parameters for feedlot sheep. Virginiamycin does not change the performance or nutritional parameters of these animals when Tifton grass hay is used as the only roughage source.
This study consisted of an evaluation of the technological potential of rabbit meat processed into hamburger, and its physicochemical and sensorial analysis. The physicochemical analyses indicated the following contents: moisture (68.34 ± 0.80)%, ashes(1.01 ± 0.06)%, proteins (18.37 ± 0.03)%, lipids (3.59 ± 0.04)% and carbohydrates (8.69 ± 0.07)%, all of which meet the requirements of Brazilian legislation. The sensorial analysis indicated excellent acceptance of the product, with an average score of 5.85, classifying it as "like it moderately" and "like it very much." The results confirm the technological potential of rabbit as a food product, and the viability of its production, processing and commercialization for human consumption.
O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar a potencialidade do aproveitamento tecnológico da carne do coelho, através do processamento de hambúrguer, e submeter o produto a análises físico-químicas (composição centesimal) e sensorial (teste de aceitabilidade, representado por Escala Hedônica de sete pontos). Os resultados obtidos para as análises físico-químicas foram: Umidade (68,34 ± 0,80)%, Cinzas (1,01 ± 0,06)%, Proteínas (18,37 ± 0,03)%, Lipídios (3,59 ± 0,04)% e Carboidratos (8,69 ± 0,07)% resultados estes condizentes com a legislação. A análise sensorial indicou uma ótima aceitação do produto, obtendo média de 5,85 classificando o produto entre os pontos "gostei moderadamente" e "gostei muito". Os resultados confirmam o potencial tecnológico da carne de coelho para a elaboração de produtos cárneos, e sua viabilidade de produção e comercialização para consumo humano.