OBJECTIVES: The recent advancements in spine fixation aid in the treatment of complex spinal pathologies. Both the iliac screw (IS) and the S2-alar-iliac (S2AI) screw provide adequate stability in the fixation of complex lumbosacral spine pathologies, leading to a significant increased rate of using these techniques in the daily practice of the spine surgeons. This study aims to analyze, describe, and compare the insertion and positioning parameters of the S2AI screw and IS techniques in children without spinal deformities. METHODS: An observational retrospective study was conducted at a university hospital in 2018, with 25 computed tomography (CT) images selected continuously. Mann-Whitney-Shapiro-Wilk tests were performed. The reliability of the data was assessed using the intraclass correlation. The data were stratified by age group only for Pearson’s correlation analysis. RESULTS: The mean age was 11.7 years (4.5 SD). The mean IS length was 106.63 mm (4.59 SD). The mean length of the S2AI screw was 104.13 mm (4.22 SD). The mean skin distance from the IS entry point was 28.13 mm (4.27 SD) and that for the S2AI screw was 39.96 mm (4.54 SD). CONCLUSIONS: Through CT, the S2AI screw trajectory was observed to have a greater bone thickness and skin distance than the IS. There was a linear correlation between age and screw length for both techniques. A similar relationship was observed between skin distance and age for the S2AI screw technique. In children, the S2AI screw technique presents advantages such as greater cutaneous coverage and implant thickness than the IS technique.
ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the hormonal profile of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and its relationship to the severity of the curvature and quality of life . Method: Patients with scoliosis (Cobb angle above 10°), of both genders, diagnosed after 10 years of age were included, excluding those who presented other condition that could lead to scoliosis. Serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), cortisol and gastrin were correlated with Cobb angle and quality of life, measured by the SRS-30 questionnaire . Results: The levels of 25-OHD decreased in 97% of patients. There was an inverse relationship between gastrin levels and quality of life (p = 0.016). Moreover, there was an inverse correlation between the value of Cobb angle and quality of life (p = 0.036). There were no changes in cortisol levels. There was no correlation between Cobb angle and any of the hormones measured . Conclusion: The patients had levels of 25-OHD diminished, strengthening the hypothesis of its involvement in the development of AIS. This study also suggests that increased gastrin levels may be associated with a worse quality of life in patients with AIS. Level of Evidence II, Diagnostic Study.
RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o perfil hormonal dos pacientes com escoliose idiopática do adolescente (EIA) e sua relação com a gravidade da curvatura e qualidade de vida. Método: Foram incluídos pacientes com escoliose (ângulo de Cobb acima de 10°), de ambos os sexos, diagnosticados após 10 anos de idade e foram excluídos aqueles que apresentassem outra condição que pudesse acarretar em escoliose. Os valores séricos da 25-hidroxivitamina D (25-OHD), cortisol e gastrina foram correlacionados com o ângulo de Cobb e a qualidade de vida, mensurada através do questionário SRS-30. Resultados: Os níveos de 25-OHD estavam reduzidos em 97% dos pacientes. Observou-se uma relação inversa entre níveis de gastrina e a qualidade de vida (p=0,016). Ademais, constatou-se correlação inversa entre o valor do ângulo de Cobb e a qualidade de vida (p=0,036). Não foram observadas alterações nos níveis de cortisol. Não houve correlação do ângulo de Cobb com o nível de nenhum dos hormônios dosados. Conclusão: Os pacientes apresentaram níveis de 25-OHD diminuídos, fortalecendo a hipótese da sua implicação no desenvolvimento da EIA. O presente estudo também sugere que o aumento dos níveis de gastrina possa estar relacionado com pior qualidade de vida nos pacientes com EIA. Nível de Evidência II, Estudo Diagnóstico.