ABSTRACT Morous Alba, known as white mulberry contains many oxidative flavonoids, widely used in the treatment of many diseases like hyperglycemia, inflammation, fever and cancer. In the present study we investigated the interaction of extracted flavonoids from Iranian Morus Alba leaves with DNA as a main target for anticancer drugs. Various spectroscopic techniques (UV/Vis, CD and Fluorescence Spectroscopy) were used to detect the interaction. In vivo studies also were done to confirm the effectiveness of the extracted flavonoids. The spectroscopic results showed that the extracted flavonoids bind to DNA especially to the sugar-phosphate backbone and making DNA conformational changes upon this binding. Experiments on the cancerous mice with solid tumors indicated that the treatment of mice with these extracted flavonoids increased significantly the life span but they did not have any effects on the tumor size reduction. These data suggest that Morus Alba flavonoids may use as an effective natural anticancer drug in the near future.
ABSTRACT This work aimed to determine whether seropositivity to Helicobacter pylori infection was an independent risk factor for hyperhomocysteinemia patients with cardiovascular disease. The H. pylori IgG, IgA and homocystein levels in 96 patients with cardiovascular disease and 64 participants free of cardiovascular disease as control subjects were determined by ELISA assay. The results showed that seropositivity to H. pylori IgG and IgA levels of coronary artery disease (CAD)patients was significantly higher than the controls and CAD patients with H. pylori IgG and IgA negative antibodies. A significant correlation was found between the seropositivity to H. pylori IgG and homocysteine levels of CAD patients in comparison with the controls and CAD patients with seronegativity to H. pylori IgG and IgA (r=0.233, P= 0.019 ). The involvement of H. pylori infection in atherosclerosis process was based on the chronic inflammation, which might facilitate the CAD-related pathologies. The effect of the presence of H. pylori infection on homocysteine levels elevation in the CAD patients (as a risk factor independent of other traditional factors) was remarkable.
ABSTRACT The effect of ethanolic mulberry leaf extract (MLE) and mulberry leaf powder (MLP) on glycemic control, serum adiponectin, visfatin and lipid profile in type2 diabetic rats have been investigated. 30 male wistar rats randomly divided into 5 groups. One group was randomly assigned as control (I) and diabetes was induced in others by administration of streptozotocin (STZ) (55 mg/kg body weight) 15 minutes after the administration of nicotinamide (110 mg/kg body weight) intraperitoneally. Finally, fasting blood glucose (FBG), lipid profile, adiponectin and visfatin were assessed after 6 weeks. Lipid profiles including serum FBG, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-c), very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL) and visfatin significantly decreased and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-c) and adiponectin increased in the two groups of treated diabetic rats in comparison to the diabetic control (p<0.05). For all the investigated factors, there was no significant difference between two treatment methods. However, MLP was more effective than MLE in improving visfatin. Results showed that MLE and MLP possess hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic activities and play an important role in regulating the secretion of adipokines such as adiponectin and visfatin.