ABSTRACT The mosaic of protected areas of Boqueirão da Onça (8.636 km²), created in the north of Bahia state, is located in the Caatinga, an exclusively Brazilian biome, but exposed to a range of anthropic impacts that threaten its species and natural resources. Few data are available for various zoological groups in Caatinga, including mammals. In order to characterize the community of mammals of this region, considering species richness, we installed 80 camera-trap stations. With a sampling effort of 10,370 camera-days we recorded 28 species (22 wild and six domestic). Opportunistically, we recorded four mammals, resulting in a total richness of 32 species, five of which are included in the global list of endangered species, and seven in the national list. The results are significant, since the richness of wild mammals of the Boqueirão da Onça (S = 26) presented a high value when compared to other Caatinga localities. During the study we found evidence of human activities threatening the conservation of the region, such as poaching and deforestation. Therefore, there is an urgent need in the publication of the Management Plan of the recently created Boqueirão da Onça National Park, to minimize negative impacts on biodiversity and ensure the maintenance of ecological processes.
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of cataract and associated risk factors in a diabetic type 1 population. METHODS: 181 patients (362 eyes) were evaluated in a case-control study. Cases were classified when cataract was present at the time of the examination. The studied outcomes were the presence of diabetic retinopathy, retinal panphotocoagulation, high blood pressure, peripheral neuropathy, total cholesterol levels, triglyceride levels, HDL, LDL, body mass index, creatinine levels, albuminuria, glycosylated hemoglobin and glycemia levels. RESULTS: Cataract was present in 19.9% of the studied patients. The association of the presence of cataract and diabetic retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy, elevated levels of creatinine, panphotocoagulation and high blood pressure were statistically significant (univariate analysis). After the logistic regression analysis the presence of cataract was significantly associated with the presence of diabetic retinopathy. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of cataract was 19.9% and the presence and severity of the diabetic retinopathy were the main risk factors for its development.
OBJETIVO: Avaliar a prevalência de catarata e seus fatores de risco em uma população portadora de diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1). MÉTODOS: Estudo de casos e controles de um banco de dados de 181 pacientes (362 olhos) com diagnóstico de diabetes mellitus tipo 1. Os pacientes foram classificados como casos quando apresentavam diagnóstico de catarata. As variáveis estudadas foram a presença ou não de retinopatia diabética, tratamento com panfotocoagulação, presença de hipertensão arterial sistêmica e neuropatia periférica, colesterol total, triglicerídios séricos, HDL, LDL, índice de massa corporal, creatinina sérica, albuminúria, hemoglobina glicosilada e glicemia de jejum. RESULTADOS: A prevalência de catarata foi de 19,9%. Na análise univariada foi encontrada associação estatisticamente significativa (p<0,005) entre a presença de catarata e retinopatia diabética, neuropatia periférica, creatinina sérica elevada, panfotocoagulação e hipertensão arterial. Após a análise de regressão logística a variável que permaneceu com associação estatisticamente significativa foi a presença de retinopatia diabética. CONCLUSÃO: A prevalência de catarata foi de 19,9%, sendo a presença e a gravidade da retinopatia diabética os principais fatores de risco para desenvolvimento desta.