Abstract In this paper, a new three-parameter lifetime model called the Topp–Leone odd log-logistic exponential distribution is proposed. Its density function can be expressed as a linear mixture of exponentiated exponential densities and can be reversed-J shaped, skewed to the left and to the right. Further, the hazard rate function of the new model can be monotone, unimodal, constant, J-shaped, constant-increasing-decreasing and decreasing-increasing-decreasing and bathtub-shaped. Our main focus is on estimation from a frequentist point of view, yet, some statistical and reliability characteristics for the proposed model are derived. We briefly describe different estimators namely, the maximum likelihood estimators, ordinary least-squares estimators, weighted least-squares estimators, percentile estimators, maximum product of spacings estimators, Cramér-von-Mises minimum distance estimators, Anderson-Darling estimators and right-tail Anderson-Darling estimators. Monte Carlo simulations are performed to compare the performance of the proposed methods of estimation for both small and large samples. We illustrate the performance of the proposed distribution by means of two real data sets and both the data sets show the new distribution is more appropriate as compared to some other well-known distributions.
ABSTRACT This paper addresses the different methods of estimation of the unknown parameters of a two-parameter unit-logistic distribution from the frequentist point of view. We briefly describe different approaches, namely, maximum likelihood estimators, percentile based estimators, least squares estimators, maximum product of spacings estimators, methods of minimum distances: Cramér-von Mises, AndersonDarling and four variants of Anderson-Darling. Monte Carlo simulations are performed to compare the performances of the proposed methods of estimation for both small and large samples. The performances of the estimators have been compared in terms of their relative bias, root mean squared error, average absolute difference between the theoretical and empirical estimate of the distribution functions and the maximum absolute difference between the theoretical and empirical distribution functions using simulated samples. Also, for each method of estimation, we consider the interval estimation using the Bootstrap confidence interval and calculate the coverage probability and the average width of the Bootstrap confidence intervals. Finally, two real data sets have been analyzed for illustrative purposes.
Abstract This paper takes into account the estimation for the unknown parameters of the Gompertz distribution from the frequentist and Bayesian view points by using both objective and subjective prior distributions. We first derive non-informative priors using formal rules, such as Jefreys prior and maximal data information prior (MDIP), based on Fisher information and entropy, respectively. We also propose a prior distribution that incorporate the expert’s knowledge about the issue under study. In this regard, we assume two independent gamma distributions for the parameters of the Gompertz distribution and it is employed for an elicitation process based on the predictive prior distribution by using Laplace approximation for integrals. We suppose that an expert can summarize his/her knowledge about the reliability of an item through statements of percentiles. We also present a set of priors proposed by Singpurwala assuming a truncated normal prior distribution for the median of distribution and a gamma prior for the scale parameter. Next, we investigate the effects of these priors in the posterior estimates of the parameters of the Gompertz distribution. The Bayes estimates are computed using Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm. An extensive numerical simulation is carried out to evaluate the performance of the maximum likelihood estimates and Bayes estimates based on bias, mean-squared error and coverage probabilities. Finally, a real data set have been analyzed for illustrative purposes.