Abstract The objective of this research is to analyze the influence of environmental innovation on corporate sustainability in the main capital markets in Latin America from the perspective of the Resource-Based View. To this end, with a sample of 202 Latin American companies, data from Thomson Reuters® were collected from 2012 to 2019. The dependent variable corporate sustainability was measured by the ESG score and the explanatory variable was represented by Environmental Innovation. The estimation was performed using robust random effects regression, with panel data. The results showed that environmental innovation explains corporate sustainability when measured by the overall score of the environmental, social and corporate governance (ESG) dimensions. Nevertheless, when analyzing each dimension individually, environmental innovation is only explained by corporate governance. A possible justification is the intrinsic characteristics of governance, since it is inserted in a context focused on transparency before the market, responsibility, resource allocation, corporate sustainability, strategic management, as well as the protection of stakeholder rights. In this aspect, the findings contribute to the academic debate on the relevance of environmental innovation for sustainable development, especially for the survival of companies operating in highly competitive markets. Thus, the ability to innovate becomes an essential demand for public companies, and analyzing corporate sustainability standards and environmental innovation actions can provide valuable information about the performance of companies.
Resumo O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar a influência da inovação ambiental na sustentabilidade corporativa nos principais mercados de capitais da América Latina a partir da perspectiva da Visão Baseada em Recursos. Para atingir esse objetivo, com uma amostra de 202 empresas latino-americanas, foram coletados dados da Thomson Reuters ®, no período de 2012 a 2019. A variável dependente sustentabilidade corporativa foi mensurada pela pontuação ESG e a variável explicativa foi representada pela Environment Innovation . A estimação ocorreu por meio de regressão de efeitos aleatórios robusta, com dados em painel. Os resultados demonstraram que a inovação ambiental explica a sustentabilidade corporativa quando ela é mensurada pela pontuação geral das dimensões ambiental, social e governança corporativa (ESG). Apesar disso, ao analisar cada dimensão individualmente, a inovação ambiental é explicada apenas pela governança corporativa. Uma possível justificativa são as características intrínsecas da governança, visto que ela está inserida em um contexto voltado à transparência perante o mercado, responsabilidade, alocação de recursos, sustentabilidade das empresas, gestão estratégica, assim como à proteção aos direitos de stakeholders . Nesse aspecto, os achados contribuem com o debate acadêmico sobre a relevância da inovação ambiental para o desenvolvimento sustentável, em especial para a sobrevivência das empresas que operam em mercados altamente competitivos. Assim, a capacidade de inovar se torna uma demanda imprescindível para as empresas abertas, bem como analisar padrões de sustentabilidade corporativa e ações de inovação ambiental podem oferecer informações valiosas sobre o desempenho das empresas.
Abstract Purpose The purpose of this paper is to verify the relations of the board of directors with the code of business ethics (CBE) of Brazilian publicly traded companies. Design/methodology/approach As for the methodology, data were collected from companies that traded shares in Brasil, Bolsa e Balcão (B3) through the Comdinheiro database and codes of ethics or business conduct. For this, in relation to the dependent variable, indexes were elaborated to represent the CBE (CBEI). To represent the independent variables of the board of directors, the following variables were selected: size of board, gender of the president, independence, chairman/CEO, age and number of meetings. Findings With that said, the results show that the size of the board, the independence and the number of meetings explain the informative content of the CBE. Also, the accumulation of positions of president and CEO negatively influences CBEI, so the research suggests that non-accumulation of positions reduces agency conflicts, generating transparency of CBEI, according to Agency Theory. Research limitations/implications Considering the analysis of this research, it is important to highlight that the results should not be generalized because of the limitation of the sample period and because it was only for the Brazilian companies. However, they cannot be invalidated, given that, because of the robustness of the econometric models, it was possible to make inferences about the relations of the board of directors and the CBE of companies that trade in Brasil, Bolsa e Balcão (B3). Practical implications The relations identified in this study between the board of directors and the CBE imply the involvement of top executives, so that the CBE be closer to the characteristics of the business, while the values must be transmitted with clear language, avoiding misunderstandings and conflicts that may be used by individuals in bad faith, with the purpose of apologizing for illegal acts of company. Social implications The board’s characteristics seek to support corporate responsibilities, fulfilling a diversity of issues in the operational scenario, including influencing the information content of the CBE. Besides being an expression of the organizational culture, because it evidences the rules of behavior and values of the company. Originality/value The business ethics, which in this research is represented by the CBE, is a factor in which there is evidence in international studies that there are relations with the board of directors. In this context, the present study seeks to verify the relationship between the board of directors and the CBE of Brazilian publicly traded companies.