Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the influence of sealer and light-curing unit on regional bond strength of resin composite to the weakened roots. Ninety roots of incisors were experimentally weakened, subjected to biomechanical preparation and filled with either Endofill, AH Plus or MTA Fillapex The roots were desobturated e reinforced with resin composite and fiber post light-activated with one of the light sources: halogen at 600 mW/ cm2 (QTH-600), LED at 800 mW/ cm2 (LED-800) and LED at 1500 mW/ cm2 (LED-1500). The roots were sectioned in slices from cervical, middle and apical root-reinforcement regions and analyzed by push out test, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). Bond strength data were analyzed using three-way ANOVA and Tukey´s test (α=0.05). Specimens filled with AH Plus had higher bond strength, followed by MTA Fillapex and Endofill (p<0.05). For light-curing unit, LED-1500 presented superior bond strength than LED-800, which was higher than QTH-600 (p<0.05). The cervical region had the greatest mean values (p<0.05) while apical part showed the lowest bond strength (p<0.05). CLMS revealed remaining filling material in the dentinal tubules for all groups. The eugenol-containing sealer (Endofill) compromised the push-out bond strength of composite resin to the root dentin. Bond strength was favored in the cervical region, and when LED-1500 was used.
Resumo O objetivo neste estudo foi avaliar a influência do cimento endodôntico e da fonte de luz fotoativadora na resistência de união (RU) regional da resina composta às raízes fragilizadas. Noventa raízes de incisivos foram experimentalmente fragilizados, submetidos ao preparo biomecânico e obturadas com Endofill, AH Plus ou MTA Fillapex. Os canais foram desobturados e reforçados com pinos de fibra de vidro e resina composta fotoativada com uma das fontes de luz: halógena a 600 mW/cm2 (QTH-600), diodo emissor de luz a 800 mW/cm2 (LED-800) e LED a 1500 mW/cm2 (LED-1500). As raízes foram seccionadas em slices provenientes dos terços cervical, médio e apical das regiões da raiz reforçada e analisadas por meio do teste de push out, microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e microscopia confocal de varredura a laser (MCVL). Os dados de resistência de união foram analisados por ANOVA a três critérios e teste de Tukey (α=0,05). Os espécimes obturados com AH Plus apresentaram maior resistência de união, seguido do MTA Fillapex e do Endofill (p<0,05). Para fonte de luz fotoativadora, LED-1500 apresentou resistência de união superior ao LED-800 que foi maior que QTH-600 (p<0,05). A região cervical obteve as maiores médias (p<0,05), enquanto que a região apical apresentou a menor resistência de união (p<0,05). MCVL revelou remanescente de material endodôntico nos túbulos dentinários para todos os grupos. O cimento contendo eugenol (Endofill) comprometeu a resistência de união da resina composta à dentina radicular. A resistência de união foi favorecida na região cervical, e quando o LED-1500 foi empregado.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength to the dentin of an adhesive material used for root reinforcement light activated with different sources. Roots were divided into 4 groups (n=15) according to the light source used to activate the resin reinforcement: GI, non-weakened roots (control); GII, halogen light (H) 600 mW/cm2; GIII, LED 800 mW/cm2 and GIV, LED 1500 mW/cm2. The reinforcement was done with adhesive, composite resin and fiberglass posts. After 24 h, the specimens were sectioned and the first slice of each post region was used in the push out test in a universal testing machine with a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Failure modes of the debonded specimens were examined. Data (MPa) were analyzed by ANOVA and Holm-Sidak test (=0.05). The second slice from each region was analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). LED-1500 (4.69 ± 1.74) provided bond strength similar to the control group (5.05 ± 2.63) and statistically different from H-600 (1.96 ± 0.94) and LED-800 (2.75 ± 1.90), which were similar to each other (p<0.05). Cervical (4.16 ± 2.32) and middle (4.43 ± 2.32) regions showed higher bond strength than the apical (2.25 ± 1.50) (p<0.05). There was a prevalence of adhesive failures in H-600 and LED-800 and cohesive failures in LED-1500. SEM showed the formation of long, numerous and fine tags. It was concluded that LED-1500 provided higher bond strength of resin reinforcement to the dentin.
O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a resistência de união à dentina de uma resina utilizada para reforço de raiz, ativada com diferentes fontes de luz. De acordo com a fonte de luz utilizada as raízes foram divididas em 4 grupos (n = 15): GI, raízes não fragilizadas (controle); GII, luz halógena (H) 600 mW/cm2; GIII, LED 800 mW/cm2 e GIV, LED 1500 mW/cm2. O reforço foi feito com adesivo, resina composta e pino de fibra de vidro. Após 24 h, os espécimes foram seccionados e o primeiro slice de cada região utilizado para o teste de união push out, na máquina de ensaios universais com 0,5 mm/min, e o tipo da falha avaliada. Os dados obtidos (MPa) foram analisados utilizando os testes de ANOVA e Holm-Sidak (=0.05). O segundo slice de cada região foi analisado por microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). O LED-1500 (4.69 ± 1.74) proporcionou resistência a união similar ao controle (5.05 ± 2.63) e estatisticamente diferente do H-600 (1.96 ± 0.94) e LED-800 (2.75 ± 1.90), que são similares entre si (p<0.05). As regiões cervical (4.16 ± 2.32) e média (4.43 ± 2.32) apresentaram alta resistência à união quando comparadas à região apical (2.25 ± 1.50) (p<0.05). Houve uma predominância de falhas adesivas com as fontes de luzes H-600 e LED-800 e coesivas com o LED-1500. A análise em MEV demonstrou a formação de longos tags resinosos. Desta forma, pode-se concluir que o LED-1500 proporcionou maior resistência à resina utilizada para o reforço da dentina radicular.
Objective This study evaluated the fracture toughness (FT) of denture base and autopolymerizing reline resins, with and without thermocycling (T). Material and Methods Specimens of each material (denture base acrylic resin - Lucitone 550 – L; autopolymerizing reline resins - Ufi Gel Hard–UH, Tokuyama Rebase II-TR, New Truliner–NT and Kooliner-K), were produced, notched and divided into two groups (n=10): CG (control group of autopolymerizing reline resins and L): FT tests were performed after polymerization; TG (thermocycled group): FT tests were performed after T (5°C and 55°C for 5,000 cycles). Results: Results (MPa.m1/2) were analyzed by two-way ANOVA and Tukey's test (p=0.05). L exhibited the highest FT mean values in both groups (CG - 2.33; TG - 2.17). For the CG groups, NT showed the highest FT (1.64) among the autopolymerizing reline resins, and K the lowest (1.04). After T, when the autopolymerizing reline resins were compared, a statistically significant difference in FT was found only between the NT (1.46) and TR (1.00). Conclusions Thermocycling increased the FT of K and did not influence the FT of L, UH, TR and NT.
INTRODUCTION: Open access publishing is becoming increasingly popular within the biomedical sciences. SciELO, the Scientific Electronic Library Online, is a digital library covering a selected collection of Brazilian scientific journals many of which provide open access to full-text articles.This library includes a number of dental journals some of which may include reports of clinical trials in English, Portuguese and/or Spanish. Thus, SciELO could play an important role as a source of evidence for dental healthcare interventions especially if it yields a sizeable number of high quality reports. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify reports of clinical trials by handsearching of dental journals that are accessible through SciELO, and to assess the overall quality of these reports. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Electronic versions of six Brazilian dental Journals indexed in SciELO were handsearched at www.scielo.br in September 2008. Reports of clinical trials were identified and classified as controlled clinical trials (CCTs - prospective, experimental studies comparing 2 or more healthcare interventions in human beings) or randomized controlled trials (RCTs - a random allocation method is clearly reported), according to Cochrane eligibility criteria. CRITERIA TO ASSESS METHODOLOGICAL QUALITY INCLUDED: method of randomization, concealment of treatment allocation, blinded outcome assessment, handling of withdrawals and losses and whether an intention-to-treat analysis had been carried out. RESULTS: The search retrieved 33 CCTs and 43 RCTs. A majority of the reports provided no description of either the method of randomization (75.3%) or concealment of the allocation sequence (84.2%). Participants and outcome assessors were reported as blinded in only 31.2% of the reports. Withdrawals and losses were only clearly described in 6.5% of the reports and none mentioned an intention-to-treat analysis or any similar procedure. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that a substantial number of reports of trials and systematic reviews are available in the dental journals listed in SciELO, and that these could provide valuable evidence for clinical decision making. However, it is clear that the quality of a number of these reports is of some concern and that improvement in the conduct and reporting of these trials could be achieved if authors adhered to internationally accepted guidelines, e.g. the CONSORT statement.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of one- (Xeno III, Dentsply) and two-step (Tyrian-One Step Plus, Bisco) self-etching adhesive systems bonded to dentin and cemented to chemically cured (C&B Metabond) or light-cured paste of a dual-cure resin cement (Variolink II, Ivoclar) within a short (24 h) and long period of evaluation (90 days). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty recently extracted human molars had their roots removed and their occlusal dentin exposed and ground wet with 600-grit SiC paper. After application of one of the adhesives, the resin cement was applied to the bonded surface and a composite resin block was incrementally built up to a height of 5 mm (n=10). The restored teeth were stored in distilled water at 37ºC for 7 days. The teeth were then cut along two axes (x and y), producing beam-shaped specimens with 0.8 mm² cross-sectional area, which were subjected to µTBS testing at a crosshead speed of 0.05 mm/min and stressed to failure after 24 h or 90 days of storage in water. The µTBS data in MPa were subjected to three-way analysis of variance and Tukey's test (α= 0.05). RESULTS: The interaction effect for all three factors was statistically significant (three-way ANOVA, p<0.001). All eight experimental means (MPa) were compared by the Tukey's test (p<0.05) and the following results were obtained: Tyrian-One Step Plus /C&B/24 h (22.4±7.3); Tyrian-One Step Plus /Variolink II/24 h (39.4±11.6); Xeno III/C&B/24 h (40.3±12.9); Xeno III/Variolink II/24 h (25.8±10.5); Tyrian-One Step Plus /C&B/90 d (22.1±12.8) Tyrian-One Step Plus/VariolinkII/90 d (24.2±14.2); Xeno III/C&B/90 d (27.0±13.5); Xeno III/Variolink II/90 d (33.0±8.9). CONCLUSIONS: Xeno III/Variolink II was the luting agent/adhesive combination that provided the most promising bond strength after 90 days of storage in water.
Considerando la posible influencia de las enfermedades sistémicas y de los medicamentos utilizados para su tratamiento en la cavidad bucal, el presente estudio se propone realizar una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema, enfatizando la influencia de estos factores en el uso de las prótesis totales (PTs), con el fin de proporcionar al cirujano-dentista un mejor conocimiento científico para la realización de ese tipo de tratamiento rehabilitador.
According to the possible influence of systemic diseases and of drugs used for its treatment in buccal cavity, the aim of present study is to carry out a review of literature on this topic, emphasizing on influence of these factors on use of the total prostheses (PTs), allowing to surgeon-dentist a better scientific knowledge to creation of this type of rehabilitation treatment.
OBJECTIVE: Taking into account that several international studies suggest a correlation between music preference, especially for heavy metal, and suicide, this study aimed at to know the association of music preference with potential indicators of suicide risk. METHODS: Participants were two hundred undergraduate students from a public University in João Pessoa city (Brazil). They were 22 years old (SD = 4.77). They answered the Shorted Test of Music Preference, which measures the music preference with respect to fourteen music genres, and the Reasons for Living Inventory (RFL), which intents to know the reasons for living reported by people. RESULTS: Results indicated the total score of the RFL correlated itself with the preference for the music genres named as conventional (positive) and alternative (negative). Moreover, the preference for conventional genre was a predictor of lower suicide risk among youths. CONCLUSIONS: This research demonstrates the importance of one more variable, in the present work the music preference, to understand the suicidal risk between young persons. However, other studies must be carried out in the Brazilian context so that it is possible to understand better this relation.
OBJETIVOS: Considerando-se que vários estudos internacionais indicam que a preferência musical, especialmente pelo heavy metal, correlaciona-se ao suicídio, objetivou-se na presente pesquisa conhecer as relações entre preferência musical e risco de suicídio. MÉTODOS: Participaram 200 estudantes universitários de diversos cursos de uma universidade pública da cidade de João Pessoa, PB, com idade média de 22 anos (DP = 4,77). Estes responderam à Escala Abreviada de Preferência Musical, que visa mensurar a preferência musical com relação a 14 gêneros musicais, e o Inventário de Razões para Viver (RFL), que objetiva aferir as razões que as pessoas têm para viver. RESULTADOS: De acordo com os resultados, verificaram-se correlações entre a pontuação total da RFL e os gêneros musicais convencional (positiva) e alternativo (negativa). Pôde-se ainda verificar que a preferência musical pelo estilo convencional foi um preditor de menor risco de suicídio entre jovens. CONCLUSÕES: Esta pesquisa demonstra a importância de mais uma variável, no caso a preferência musical, para entender o risco de suicídio entre jovens. Mas outros estudos devem ser realizados no contexto brasileiro para que se possa entender melhor essa relação.
This study evaluated the effect of denture base polymer type (heat- and microwave-polymerized), ridge lap surface treatment (with and without methyl methacrylate-MMA etching) and thermocycling on the microtensile bond strength (µTBS) of Biotone acrylic teeth. Flat-ground, ridge-lap surface of posterior artificial teeth were bonded to cylinders of each denture base resin, resulting in the following groups (n=6): G1a - Clássico/with MMA etching; G1b - Clássico/without MMA etching; G2a - OndaCryl/with MMA etching; G2b - OndaCryl/without MMA etching. Rectangular bar specimens with a cross-sectional area of 1 mm² were prepared. Half of the bars in each group were thermocycled (5,000 cycles between 4ºC and 60ºC). µTBS testing was performed in an universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data were analyzed statistically by three-way ANOVA (α=0.05). There was no statisticaly significant difference (p>0.05) for the factors (resin, surface treatment,and thermocycling) or their interactions. The mean µTBS values (MPa) and standard deviations were as follows: Thermocycling - G1a: 41.00 (14.00); G1b: 31.00 (17.00); G2a: 50.00 (27.00); G2b: 40.00 (18.00); No thermocycling - G1a: 37.00 (14.00); G1b: 43.00 (25.00); G2a: 43.00 (14.00); G2b: 40.00 (27.00). The µTBS of Biotone artificial teeth to the denture base acrylic resins was not influenced by the polymer type, surface treatment or thermocycling.
Este estudo avaliou o efeito do tipo de resina de base (termo-polimerizada e polimerizada por microondas), tratamento da superfície de união (com e sem aplicação de metil metacrilato) e termociclagem sobre a resistência adesiva à microtração (RAµT) do dente artificial Biotone. A superfície cervical dos dentes foi desgastada para se obter superfícies planas, as quais foram unidas a cada uma das resinas, constituindo os seguintes grupos (n=6): (G1a) Clássico/com MMA; (G1b) Clássico/sem MMA; (G2a) OndaCryl/com MMA; (G2b) OndaCryl/sem MMA. Corpos-de-prova retangulares com área transversal de 1 mm² foram preparados. Metade dos espécimes em cada grupo foi termociclado (5000 ciclos de 4ºC a 60ºC). O teste de resistência adesiva foi realizado numa máquina de ensaios universal (velocidade da carga: 1 mm/min). Os dados foram analisados estatisticamente por meio da ANOVA para 3 fatores (α=0,05). Os valores médios de RAµT e desvios-padrão foram: Termociclagem - G1a: 41,00 (14,00); G1b: 31,00 (17,00); G2a: 50,00 (27,00); G2b: 40,00 (18,00); Sem termociclagem - G1a: 37,00 (14,00); G1b: 43,00 (25,00); G2a: 43,00 (14,00); G2b: 40,00 (27,00). A RAµT entre os dentes artificiais e as resinas acrílicas para base de prótese não foi influenciada pelos fatores resina acrílica, tratamento de superfície ou termociclagem.