OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short and medium-term outcomes of patients undergoing robotic-assisted minimally invasive cardiac surgery. METHODS: From March 2010 to March 2013, 21 patients underwent robotic-assisted cardiac surgery. The procedures performed were: mitral valve repair, mitral valve replacement, surgical correction of atrial fibrillation, surgical correction of atrial septal defect, intracardiac tumor resection, totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass surgery and pericardiectomy. RESULTS: The mean age was 48.39±18.05 years. The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was 151.7±99.97 minutes, and the mean aortic cross-clamp time was 109.94±81.34 minutes. The mean duration of intubation was 7.52±15.2 hours, and 16 (76.2%) patients were extubated in the operating room immediately after the procedure. The mean length of intensive care unit stay was 1.67±1.46 days. There were no conversions to sternotomy. There was no in-hospital death or deaths during the medium-term follow-up. Patients mean follow up time was 684±346 days, ranging from 28 to 1096 days. CONCLUSION: Robotic-assisted cardiac surgery proved to be feasible, safe and effective and can be applied in the correction of various intra and extracardiac pathologies.
OBJETIVO: Avaliar os resultados em curto e médio prazo dos pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca minimamente invasiva robô-assistida. MÉTODOS: De março de 2010 a março de 2013, 21 pacientes foram submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca robô-assistida. Os procedimentos realizados foram: plastia valvar mitral, troca valvar mitral, cirurgia de correção da fibrilação atrial, correção cirúrgica da comunicação interatrial, ressecção de tumor intracardíaco, revascularização do miocárdio totalmente endoscópica e pericardiectomia. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi de 48,39±18,05 anos. O tempo médio de circulação extracorpórea foi de 151,7±99,97 minutos, e o tempo médio de pinçamento aórtico foi de 109,94±81,34 minutos. O tempo médio de intubação orotraqueal foi de 7,52±15,2 horas, sendo que 16 (76,2%) pacientes foram extubados ainda em sala operatória, imediatamente após o procedimento. O tempo médio de permanência em unidade de terapia intensiva foi de 1,67±1,46 dias. Não houve conversões para esternotomia. Não houve óbito intra-hospitalar ou mesmo durante o seguimento em médio prazo dos pacientes. A média do tempo de acompanhamento dos pacientes foi de 684±346 dias, variando de 28 dias a 1096 dias. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia cardíaca robô-assistida mostrou-se exequível, segura e efetiva, podendo ser aplicada na correção de diversas patologias intra e extracardíacas.
INTRODUCTION/OBJECTIVES: We determined the degree of risk produced by the association of other surgical procedures with surgical myocardial revascularization in octogenarian patients and identified the risk factors that best explain hospital mortality. METHODS: This study was an observational analytical historical cohort study involving octogenarians operated on at our institution between January 1, 2000 and January 1, 2005. We stratified the objective population as follows: Group 1 comprised octogenarians revascularized without associated procedures, and Group 2 comprised octogenarians revascularized with associated procedures. Statistical analyses included the t test for independent samples and multiple logistic regression analysis. Significance was accepted with an alpha error of 5%. RESULTS: Univariate analyses revealed the following clinical and statistically significant variables: hospital mortality (P=0.002), diabetes mellitus (P=0.017), preoperative endocarditis (P=0.001), cardiogenic shock (P=0.019), use of an intra-aortic balloon pump (P=0.026), preoperative risk score (Parsonnet), P<0.001, procedure associated with revascularization (P<0.001), medium number of affected coronary arteries (P<0.001), use of extracorporeal circulation (P<0.001), time of extracorporeal circulation (P<0.001), number of distal anastomoses (P=0.002), graft type (P<0.001), postoperative breathing support (P<0.001), stroke (P<0.001), infection (P=0.002), creatinine level (P=0.018), and quality of life score (P=0.050). DISCUSSION/CONCLUSIONS: In octogenarian patients, the need for a procedure associated with surgical myocardial revascularization produces an absolute increase in hospital mortality risk of 45%. The variables that contributed to hospital mortality were preoperative endocarditis, preoperative cardiogenic shock, the use of extracorporeal circulation, the length of time of extracorporeal circulation, postoperative creatinine level, and postoperative need for prolonged respiratory support.