Alecrim da Chapada (Lippia gracilis Schauer) é considerada uma planta rica em óleo essencial e possui atividade antimicrobiana comprovada, devido aos monoterpenos fenólicos carvacrol e timol. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito in vitro do óleo essencial e dos extratos etanólicos de raízes e folhas de L. gracilis no controle do fungo Monosporasccus cannonballus, causador do colapso do meloeiro. O extratos foram testados nas concentrações de 2500, 5000 e 7500 ppm e o óleo essencial de L. gracilis foi avaliado nas concentrações 255, 340 e 425 ppm tendo também um controle positivo com o fungicida comercial Captan(r) e um negativo apenas com meio BDA (batata, dextrose, ágar). Discos de micélio com 3 mm de diâmetro foram inoculados no centro de placas de Petri e as medições do crescimento micelial do fungo foram realizadas 48 horas após a montagem do experimento. Verificou-se que o óleo essencial de L. gracilis nas três concentrações testadas foi eficiente para o controle do fungo, com percentuais de inibição de 100%, em comparação ao tratamento com o controle negativo (0%) que não apresentou inibição. O extrato radicular, nas concentrações de 5000 e 7500 ppm e o extrato foliar na concentração de 7500 ppm também proporcionaram um percentual de inibição de 100%.
"Alecrim da Chapada" (Lippia gracilis Schauer) is a plant which is considered to be rich in essential oil and proven to have antimicrobial activity due to the phenolic monoterpenes carvacrol and thymol. The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro effect of essential oil and ethanol extracts from roots and leaves of L. gracilis on the control of the fungus Monosporasccus cannonballus, the causal agent of melon collapse. The extracts were tested at the concentrations 2500, 5000 and 7500 ppm and L. gracilis essential oil was evaluated at the concentrations 255, 340 and 425 ppm; there was also a positive control with the commercial fungicide Captan(r) and a negative control only with PDA medium (potato, dextrose, agar). Mycelium discs of 3mm diameter were inoculated in the center of Petri plates and measurements of mycelial growth were performed at 48 hours after the establishment of the experiment. L. gracilis essential oil, at the three tested concentrations, was effective in controlling the fungus, showing inhibition percentages of 100%, compared to the treatment with the negative control (0%), which showed no inhibition. The root extract, at concentrations 5000 ppm and 7500 ppm, and the leaf extract, at a concentration of 7500 ppm, also provided inhibition percentage of 100%.
PURPOSE: To evaluate alanine aminotransferase levels before and after a hemodialysis session and to correlate these values with the hematocrit rate and weight loss during hemodialysis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The serum alanine aminotransferase levels, hematocrit rate and body weight were measured and correlated before and after a single hemodialysis session for 146 patients with chronic renal failure. An receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve for the serum alanine aminotransferase levels collected before and after hemodialysis was plotted to identify hepatitis C virus-infected patients. RESULTS: The mean weight loss of the 146 patients during hemodialysis was 5.3% (p < 0.001). The mean alanine aminotransferase levels before and after hemodialysis were 18.8 and 23.9 IU/, respectively, denoting a significant 28.1% increase. An equally significant increase of 16.4% in the hematocrit rate also occurred after hemodialysis. The weight loss was inversely correlated with the rise in both the alanine aminotransferase level (r = 0.3; p < 0.001) and hematocrit rate (r = 0.5; p < 0.001). A direct correlation was found between the rise in alanine aminotransferase levels and the hematocrit during the hemodialysis session (r = 0.4; p < 0.001). Based on the ROC curve, the upper limit of the normal alanine aminotransferase level should be reduced by 40% relative to the upper limit of normal if the blood samples are collected before the hemodialysis session or by 60% if blood samples are collected after the session. CONCLUSION: In the present study, significant elevations in the serum alanine aminotransferase levels and hematocrit rates occurred in parallel to a reduction in body weight after the hemodialysis session. These findings suggest that one of the factors for low alanine aminotransferase levels prior to hemodialysis could be hemodilution in patients with chronic renal failure.