Clinical and cytogenetic studies were performed in 65 infertile individuals, and 56 of them were also screened for microdeletions in Yq11 (AZF region). Relevant environmental etiological factors were identified in 10 cases (15.4%). Sertoli-cell-only syndrome was diagnosed in six patients (9,2%). Karyotype abnormalities were detected in six individuals, and five other patients presented desynapsis of bivalents in meiosis. Three out of the 56 patients studied were carriers of microdeletions in the AZF region, one of them also presenting a chromosomal mosaicism for an extra i(22p).