Abstract In this work, conductive polymers were prepared based on polypyrrole (PPy) and its blends with epoxy resin. The chemical syntheses of PPy used two oxidants (Fe2(SO4)3 and FeCl3.6H2O) and two surfactants (DBSNa and DBSA). PPy samples and their blends were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, electrical conductivity by four points, and measurements of complex parameters of electric permittivity (ε) and magnetic permeability, in the frequency range of 8.2 to 12.4 GHz. The micrographs of the fractured surfaces show that the PPy synthetized in the presence of surfactants has particles with smaller diameters, and the oxidant sulfate favored the formation of elongated structures, called fillets. The analysis of the blends found a homogeneous distribution of PPy clusters in epoxy resin matrix, which did not favor the electrical conductivity of these materials. On the other hand, the measurements of the complex parameters of the permittivity show that the blends have increasing values when the PPy concentration is increased in the epoxy resin.
In this work different samples of polypyrrole (PPy) were synthesized varying the combination of FeCl3 and Fe2(SO4)3 as oxidant agents and sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (DBSNa) and dodecylbenzenesulfonic acid (DBSA) as surfactants. Infrared spectroscopy analyses showed no significant differences in the chemical structures of synthesized PPy samples. However, thermogravimetric, electrical conductivity and X-ray diffraction analyses showed that the anionic surfactants favored the preparation of samples which are more thermally stable, conducting and with a more ordered crystallographic structure. Reflectivity measurements of PPy/epoxy resin blends, in the frequency range from 8 to 12 GHz, showed microwave attenuation up to 95% of the incident radiation.
Neste trabalho diferentes amostras de polipirrol (PPi) foram sintetizadas variando a combinação dos oxidantes FeCl3 e Fe2(SO4)3 e dos surfactantes docecilbenzenosulfonato de sódio (DBSNa) e ácido dodecilbenzenosulfônico (DBSA). Análises por espectroscopia na região do infravermelho não apresentam diferenças significativas na estrutura química das amostras de PPi sintetizadas. No entanto, análises termogravimétricas, de condutividade elétrica e de difração de raios X mostram que os surfactantes aniônicos favorecem a obtenção de amostras mais estáveis termicamente, condutoras e ordenadas cristalograficamente. Medidas de refletividade de blendas de PPi com resina epóxi, na faixa de 8 a 12 GHz, mostram valores de atenuação de micro-ondas de até 95% da radiação incidente.