ABSTRACT Objective: to describe the mental health profile of the elderly registered in a Family Health Unit in the city of Recife, Pernambuco State. Method: it was a descriptive quantitative study, conducted with 159 elderly through the scales Geriatric Depression, Resilience, Social Support, Life Satisfaction, and Positive and Negative Affects, Mini-Mental State Examination, Stressful Events Inventory and Brazil Old Age Shedule. Results: females, young and literate elderly predominated. Most were satisfied with life, 52.2% without depressive symptoms, 68.6% without cognitive impairment, 67.9% high resilience and 95.8% high social support, but 62% of elderly with depressive symptoms showed cognitive deficit. Negative correlation was identified between depression and cognitive impairment, resilience, social support and life satisfaction. Conclusion: assessment of these indicators identifies triggers of psychological distress, assisting the nursing staff in the development of preventive and care actions.
RESUMEN Objetivo: describir el perfil de salud mental de los ancianos registrados en una Unidad de Salud Familiar en la ciudad de Recife-PE. Método: fue un estudio cuantitativo descriptivo, realizado con 159 ancianos a través de las escalas Depresión Geriátrica, Resiliencia, Apoyo Social, Stisfacción con la Vida y Efectos Positivos y Negativos, Mini Examen del Estado Mental, Inventario de Eventos Estresantes y Brazil Old Age Shedule. Resultados: predominaron las hembras, jóvenes y alfabetizadas. La mayoría estaban satisfechos con la vida, 52.2% sin síntomas depresivos, 68.6% sin deterioro cognitivo, 67.9% de alta resiliencia y 95.8% de alto apoyo social, pero 62% de los ancianos con síntomas depresivos mostraron déficit cognitivo. Se identificó correlación negativa entre depresión y deterioro cognitivo, resiliencia, apoyo social y satisfacción con la vida. Conclusión: la evaluación de estos indicadores permite la identificación de desencadenantes de trastornos psicológicos, ayudando al equipo de enfermería en el desarrollo de acciones preventivas y de atención.
RESUMO Objetivo: descrever o perfil de saúde mental do idoso cadastrado em uma Unidade de Saúde da Família do município do Recife-PE. Método: tratou-se de um estudo quantitativo descritivo, realizado com 159 idosos mediante as escalas Depressão Geriátrica, Resiliência, Apoio Social, Satisfação com a Vida e Afetos Positivos e Negativos, Mini Exame do Estado Mental, Inventário de Eventos Estressantes e Brazil Old Age Shedule. Resultados: predominou o sexo feminino, idosos jovens e alfabetizados. A maioria apresenta-se satisfeita com a vida, 52,2% sem sintomas depressivos, 68,6% sem déficit cognitivo, 67,9% alta resiliência e 95,8% alto apoio social, porém 62% de idosos com sintomas depressivos apresentaram déficit cognitivo. Foi identificada correlação negativa entre a presença de depressão e déficit cognitivo, resiliência, apoio social e satisfação com a vida. Conclusão: a avaliação destes indicadores permite identificar desencadeadores de sofrimento psíquico, auxiliando a equipe de enfermagem no desenvolvimento de ações preventivas e de cuidado.
Abstract In this work, banana fiber was used as reinforcement for the preparation of a thermoplastic elastomer composite (TPE). Few studies are exploring the natural fiber incorporation on TPEs, with no one using banana fiber. The fiber was extracted from banana pseudostem and modified with an alkaline solution. The untreated and treated banana fibers were incorporated in 2%, 5%, and 10% in SEBS. The mixture was performed in a thermokinetic mixer (K-Mixer) and plates prepared by compression molding. The composites were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopic (SEM), tensile testing, mechanical dynamical analysis (DMA). It can be observed that the samples with untreated fibers presented a higher tensile strength, except for the incorporation of 5% of BF. Young's modulus increase as the fiber's incorporation grows, indicating greater rigidity of the composite. It was found that the chemically treated banana fiber composites, e.g., TPE/TBF5 and TPE/TBF10, shows a 15.4% and 22.2% higher elongation.
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the influence tramadol on functional recovery of acute spinal cord injury in rats. Methods: Ten rats were divided into two groups (n = 5). All animals were submitted by a laminectomy and spinal cord injury at eighth thoracic vertebra. In control group, the rats didn’t receive any analgesic. In tramadol group, the rats received tramadol 4mg/Kg at 12/12h until 5 days by subcutaneous. Animals were following by fourteen days. Was evaluated the Basso, Beattie, Bresnahan scale (locomotor evaluation) and Rat Grimace Scale (pain evaluation) at four periods. Results: There no difference between the groups in locomotor evaluation in all periods evaluated (p>0.05) and in both groups there was a partial recover of function. The tramadol group show a lower pain levels at the first, third and seventh postoperatively days when comparing to the control group. Conclusion: The tramadol as an analgesic agent don’t influence on functional recovery of acute spinal cord injury in rats
Abstract This pilot study aimed to evaluate the influence of smoking on clinical and microbiological parameters after nonsurgical periodontal therapy. Forty-eight subjects were grouped into smokers (SM, n = 24) and nonsmokers (NS, n = 24) and paired according to gender, age, ethnicity, and periodontal status. Both groups received oral hygiene education and scaling and root planing. Clinical evaluation was performed using plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), pocket probing depth (PPD), gingival recession (GR), and clinical attachment level (CAL) before instrumentation (baseline) and at 3 and 6 months. The prevalence of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida tropicalis, and Candida dubliniensis in subgingival biofilm was determined by polymerase chain reaction. The data were statistically analyzed considering p < 0.05. Clinical conditions improved between baseline and 3 months after periodontal treatment. However, NS had a better clinical response, presenting greater PPD reduction and CAL increase in comparison to SM. Periodontal treatment reduced the levels of P. gingivalis, A. actinomycetemcomitans, and T. forsythia individually after 3 months for the NS group and after 6 months for both groups. The prevalence of Candida species was markedly higher in SM than in NS at all time points evaluated. Periodontopathogens associated or not with C. albicans or C. dubliniensis were more prevalent in SM than in NS at baseline and after 3 months. It was concluded that smoking impairs clinical and microbiological responses to periodontal therapy. Periodontopathogens combined or not with some Candida species are resistant to short-term periodontal therapy in SM.
OBJECTIVE: The present study evaluated the association between lactotransferrin (LTF) gene polymorphism (exon 2, A/G, Lys/Arg) and dental caries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A convenience sample of 110 individuals, 12 years old, was divided into: group 1, 48 individuals without caries experience (DMFT=0), and group 2, 62 subjects with caries experience (DMFT>1). DNA was obtained from a mouthwash with 3% glucose solution, followed by a scrapping of the oral mucosa. After DNA purification, polymerase chain reaction (PCR), single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) was performed to access the study polymorphism. The LTF A/G (Lys/Arg) polymorphism had been previously reported as located in exon 1. RESULTS: Allele 1 of the study polymorphism was associated with low DMFT index and showed a protective effect against caries experience (OR=0.16, IC=0.03-0.76, p=0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Lactotransferrin A/G (exon 2, Lys/Arg) polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to dental caries in 12-year-old students.