In this work commercial filters papers were organomodified with tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APTS), aiming at the development of a new analytical procedure for in-situ speciation of labile and inert metal species in aquatic systems. Parameters that exert influence on the metal lability such as pH, chelating time, concentration and characteristics of the organic matter were studied in the laboratory using tests for metal recuperation. The results showed slower kinetics for Cu ion than for Ni, Mn and Cd in the absence of aquatic humic substances (AHS). The relative lability observed for complexed metals in aquatic humic substances using organomodified filter papers was Cu>>Cd>Ni>Mn. The pH values, structural characteristics and concentration of AHS exert strong influence on the lability of the metals. The results obtained showed that the utilization of organomodified filter papers can be an interesting and promising alternative for in situ characterization of metal lability in aquatic systems.
The aim of the present work was to carry out experimental comparison between humic substances (HS) and representative alpha-amino acids (methionine, methionine sulfoxide and cysteine hydrochloride) in relation to the complexation of biologically active trace elements (Al, Cu, Pb, Mn, Zn, Cd and Ni). A mobile time-controlled tangential-flow UF technique was applied to differentiate between HS-metal and alpha-aminoacids-metal complexes. Metal determinations were conventionally carried out using a ICP-OES. The results showed that HS may be considered as a selective complexing agents with higher metal bonding capability in relation to Al, Cu and Pb, the fact that may be clinically important.
O objetivo deste trabalho foi comparar a complexação de substâncias húmicas (SH) e alfa-aminoacidos (metionina, metionina sulfoxido e cloridrato de cisteína) por elementos traço de interesse biológico (Al, Cu, Pb, Mn, Zn, Cd e Ni). Sistema de ultrafiltração tangencial foi utilizado para diferenciação entre os complexos SH-metal e alfa-aminoácidos-metal. As determinações de metal foram feitas utilizando ICP-OES. Os resultados mostraram que as SH podem ser consideradas agentes complexantes seletivos com alta capacidade de complexação a Al, Cu e Pb, podendo ser clinicamente importante.