Abstract The transition into a first management position is often marked by great challenges, which can be even greater when the new manager is young and has little personal and professional experience. Thus, the purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the challenges faced in this transition and the ways found to overcome them. The job demands-resources model (JD-R model; Demerouti, Bakker, Nachreiner, & Schaufeli, 2001) served as a conceptual base for the research, conducted among 15 new managers who assumed their positions by 29 years-old. The results showed that most of the challenges are related to managing subordinates. As for the ways or resources used to face such challenges, participants highlighted on-the-job experience, previous life experience albeit limited by their age, and relationships with current and former managers, friends, peers or the team itself. Very few new managers had formal support from their organization during the transition. Finally, from the participants’ experiences it was possible to identify five ideal types, based on the relationship between the complexity of the situation and the difficulties felt by the new manager, taking into account the mobilization of different resources.
ABSTRACT The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of electrical stunning by electronarcosis in a medium-size poultry processing plant located in southern Brazil. The current measurement of this type of stunning is presented, and then improvements to this method are proposed. Data were collected for 90 days. A quality indicator was proposed: the Stunning Severity Index (SSI), which includes elements of Statistical Process Control (SPC) using a p-chart (proportion chart) and measures. This index comprises the variables "wing-flapping," "arched head," and "rhythmic breathing." Using the proposed index, 5% of the birds, on average, presented inefficient stunning symptoms.
The present study reports a snakebite in a horse in the state of Pará, Brazil. At initial evaluation the animal was reluctant to walk and had tachycardia, tachypnea, severe lameness, bleeding on the pastern and swelling around the left hind leg. Blood samples from the bleeding sites, took on the first day, showed leukocytosis and neutrophilia, whereas biochemical values of urea and creatinine were significantly increased. The chosen treatment was snake antivenom, fluid therapy, antibiotics, anti-inflammatory agents and diuretic drugs. On the fourth day of therapy, the hematological values were within normal parameters. There was improvement related to the clinical lameness and swelling of the limb. However, a decrease in water intake and oliguria were observed. On the seventh day the animal died. Necropsy revealed areas of hemorrhagic edema in the left hind limb and ventral abdomen; the kidneys presented equimosis in the capsule, and when cut they were wet. Moreover, the cortex was pale, slightly yellow and the medullary striae had the same aspect. Based on these data, we concluded that the snakebite in the present study was caused by Bothrops spp. and that renal failure contributed to death.