Abstract The efficacy of whitening toothpastes is questionable and controversial. Clinicians, patients and researchers have expressed concern with whitening toothpastes due to the risk of wearing the dental structure and the potential for disappointment if the advertised cosmetic results are not achieved. Objective: This study compared the whitening performance of toothpastes with different whitening technologies after initial and continued use. Material and Methods: Ninety bovine incisors were stained using a concentrated solution of black tea. They were randomly distributed into 6 groups, according to the toothpaste whitening technology: activated charcoal (B&W), blue covarine (WAD), hydrogen peroxide (LWA), microbeads (Oral B 3D White Perfection – 3DW) and optimized abrasives (XW4D). They were compared to a traditional toothpaste without a whitening agent (TA – control). Specimens underwent a brushing machine with controlled pressure, time and temperature. A calibrated examiner measured the color using a VITA-Classical scale before the first brushing cycle (T0), after the first brushing cycle (TI), and after a brushing cycle that simulates continuous use (TCU). Whitening performance was evaluated by the difference of shades (ΔSGU) between T0–TI and T0–TCU timepoints, using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's non-parametric test. The Wilcoxon test was used to evaluate the cumulative effect (α=0.05). Results: Statistically significant differences were observed between toothpastes in both TI and TCU (p<0.05). The time of use also had a significant effect (p<0.05). Conclusion: Only WAD and 3DW showed whitening performance after the first use (TI). The greatest whitening performance after continuous use was obtained by WAD, followed by LWA and 3DW. The use of conventional toothpaste (TA) promotes no tooth whitening. Clinical relevance: Microbead abrasives (3DW) and blue covarine (WAD) were the active technology tested that presented the best global tooth whitening performance.
ABSTRACT Objective: This study compared the color stability of different dental composite resins after prolonged exposure to a coffee solution. Methods: Sixty-four cylindrical discs (10 mm diameter x 2 mm thickness) were prepared using 8 different dental composite resins (n=8, per group). The specimens were first immersed in artificial saliva for 24 h followed by immersion in a coffee solution for 14 days. The assessment of chromatic variation (ΔE) was performed with the aid of a Vita Easyshade Advanced spectrophotometer (VITA Zahnfabrik, Bad Sackingen, Germany). The color of each specimen was calculated based on the L*, a* and b* coordinates of the CIELab system. Results: Grandio SO had the lowest average chromatic variation (ΔE=7.77) after immersion in coffee solution. Durafill VS, Grandio and Z350 XT (ΔE=8.58; ΔE=9.52; ΔE=10.39, respectively) showed similar chromatic variation, with no statistical difference in relation to Grandio SO. However, the other dental composite resins evaluated showed statistically higher values of ΔE compared to Grandio SO, and Enamel HRi (ΔE=20.56) demonstrated the highest chromatic variation. Conclusion: The Bulk Fill and hybrid composite resins from the same manufacturer (Micerium, Avegno, Italy) showed greater chromatic variation than the other composite resins tested. Grandio SO (Voco, Cuxaven, Germany) had the lowest ΔE variation.
RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar diferentes resinas compostas em relação á estabilidade de cor após exposição prolongada em solução de café. Métodos: Sessenta e quatro discos cilíndricos (10mm x 2mm) foram confeccionados a partir de 8 diferentes marcas comerciais de compósitos (n= 8 por grupo); os espécimes foram imersos em saliva artificial, e posteriormente em café, sendo por conseguinte feita a avaliação da variação cromática (ΔE), utilizando espectrofotômetro Vita Easyshade Advanced (VITA Zahnfabrik, Bad Sackingen, Germany). O padrão de cada espécime foi medido examinando as coordenadas L*, a* e b* do sistema CIELab. Resultados: A resina composta Grandio SO apresentou a menor média de variação cromática (ΔE= 7,77) após a imersão em solução de café. Semelhantemente, a variação cromática das resinas compostas Durafill VS, Grandio e Z350 XT (ΔE=8,58; ΔE=9,52; ΔE=10.39) que não apresentaram diferença estatística. Todavia, as demais resinas compostas avaliadas apresentaram valores estatisticamente maiores de ΔE em relação a resina Grandio SO, sendo que a resina Enamel HRi (ΔE= 20,56) apresentou a maior variação cromática registrada. Conclusão: As resinas da categoria bulk fill e as resinas híbridas produzidas pelo mesmo fabricante (Micerium, Avegno, Itália) tiveram alterações cromáticas superiores às demais resinas testadas sendo que a resina GrandioSO (Voco, Cuxaven, Alemanha) foi a que apresentou menor alteração de ∆E.
Abstract The objective of this study was to analyze the effect of bleaching toothpastes, both conventional and those containing the new whitening agent Blue Covarine, on teeth previously bleached by conventional techniques (in-office and at-home). Squared bovine enamel/dentin blocks (6.0 x 6.0 x 2.0 mm) were randomly distributed in 6 groups (n = 15), according to the technique used to bleach them (in-office: HP35%; at-home: PC10%) and the type of bleaching toothpaste (none: control; Blue Covarine containing: BC; and without Blue Covarine: NBC). Experimental groups denominated HP35%, HP35%BC and HP35%NBC received in-office tooth bleaching before toothbrushing, and groups PC10%, PC10%BC and PC10%NBC were subjected to at-home tooth bleaching prior to toothbrushing. After bleaching treatment, groups HP35%BC, PC10%BC, HP35%NBC and PC10%NBC underwent daily tooth brushing in a brushing machine for 3 minutes (150 strokes/min, with a load of 375 g). Tooth color alteration was measured by reflectance spectroscopy (Vita EasyShade, Vident, Brea, CA, USA) at: T0 (baseline) – after in-office or at-home bleaching treatment; T1 – immediately after tooth brushing; T2 - 7 days and T3 - 14 days after tooth brushing. Data was analyzed by repeated measures mixed ANOVA and the Bonferroni post hoc test, with a significance level of 5%. Statistically significant differences were found between different experimental groups, evaluation times and for the interaction between them (p < 0.001). Tooth brushing using either bleaching toothpaste (conventional or with Blue Covarine) showed no color alteration on teeth previously bleached by in-office and at-home tooth bleaching. The use of bleaching toothpastes on previously bleached teeth did not produce a color alteration.
ABSTRACT Objective The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of a bleaching toothpaste containing Blue Covarine vs. conventional tooth bleaching techniques using peroxides (both in-office and at-home). Material and Methods Samples were randomly distributed into five experimental groups (n=15): C - Control; BC – Bleaching toothpaste containing Blue Covarine; WBC – Bleaching toothpaste without Blue Covarine; HP35 - In-office bleaching using 35% hydrogen peroxide; and CP10 – At-home bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide. The dental bleaching efficacy was determined by the color difference (ΔE), luminosity (ΔL), green-red axis (Δa), and blue-yellow axis (Δb). The CIELab coordinates were recorded with reflectance spectroscopy at different times: T0 - baseline, T1 – immediately after bleaching, T2 - 7 days, T3 - 14 days, and T4 - 21 days after the end of treatments. Data were analyzed by a repeated measures mixed ANOVA and post hoc Bonferroni test, with a significance level of 5%. Results No significant differences were found between the treatment groups C, BC, and WBC. The groups HP35 and CP10 showed significantly higher whitening efficacy than groups C, BC, and WBC. Conclusions There were no significant differences in the whitening efficacy between a Blue Covarine containing toothpaste, a standard whitening toothpaste, and a control. Neither of the whitening toothpastes tested were as effective as in-office or at-home bleaching treatments.