ABSTRACT Objective: To assess pain and function of the ankle in patients with injuries up to 1.5 cm diameter by the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) score after arthroscopic treatment. Methods: The AOFAS scale was applied before and after arthroscopy, as well as the degree of subjective satisfaction of ambulatory patients. Patients with type I osteochondral injuries, acute trauma, using plaster, presenting lesions in other joints of the lower limbs and cognitive impairment that would prevent the application of the satisfaction questionnaire were excluded from the study. Statistical analysis was performed using unpaired t test with Welch correction, Mann Whitney test, and ANOVA, with Kruskal Wallis test and Dun test, considering p value lower than 0.05. Results: There was an increased AOFAS scores after arthroscopic treatment in 52 (94.5%) patients. The mean values of AOFAS score in 55 patients was 77.32 ± 6.67 points preoperative and 93.10± 8.24 points postoperative, with a mean variation of 15.8 points, p<0.001. Patients with stage II, III and IV injuries showed an increased AOFAS scores after arthroscopic treatment, p<0.001. No difference was found between medial and lateral injuries, p >0.05. Conclusion: Patients with stage II, III or IV osteochondral injuries of the talus of up to 1.5 cm diameter, whether medial or lateral, showed a significant improvement after arthroscopic treatment. Level of Evidence III, Retrospective Study.
ABSTRACT OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and severity of injuries that affect amateur runners. METHODS: This study was conducted by means of a questionnaire applied to 204 amateur runners. Individuals who were under the age of 18 years and those who were unpracticed runners were excluded. The data gathered comprised the number, type, site and degree of severity of the injuries and the individuals' age and sex. RESULTS: It was observed that male athletes predominated. The mean age was 32.6 ± 9.3 years with a range from 18 to 68 years, and the injuries were classified as mild, keeping the athlete away from practicing running for fewer than eight days. Sprains, blisters and abrasions were the most frequent injuries, located most often on the lower limbs and predominantly on the feet. CONCLUSION: In practicing running, sprains, blisters and abrasions occur frequently, but are mild injuries. They mostly affect the lower limbs.
R E S U M O Objetivos: Verificar a frequência e a gravidade das lesões que acometem praticantes amadores de corrida. Métodos: O estudo foi conduzido por meio de questionário aplicado a 204 corredores amadores. Foram excluídos do estudo menores de idade e pessoas sem prática de corrida. Número, tipo, topografia e grau de gravidade das lesões, além de idade e sexo, foram os dados coletados. Resultados: Observou-se predomínio de atletas do sexo masculino, idade média de 32,6 ± 9,3 anos com variação de 18 a 68 anos. As lesões foram classificadas como leves e afastaram o atleta da prática de corrida por menos de oito dias. Entorses, lesões bolhosas e escoriações foram as lesões mais frequentes, localizadas mais frequentemente nos membros inferiores, com predomínio nos pés. Conclusão: Na prática de corrida, entorses, lesões bolhosas e escoriações são frequentes,porém são leves e acometem mais os membros inferiores.