OBJECTIVE: To compare the functional results from surgical treatment for anatomical reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) with a single band, using two types of autologous grafts.METHODS: Twenty-seven patients who underwent anatomical reconstruction of the ACL by means of the Chambat technique were evaluated prospectively. They were divided into two groups: A, with 14 patients, using grafts from flexor tendons; and B, with 13 patients, using grafts from the patellar tendon. In both groups, fixation was performed using an absorbable interference screw.RESULTS: Based on the Lysholm score, group A presented a mean score of 71.6 in the first month, while B presented 75. At the end of the sixth month, both groups presented 96.6. Evaluation of the total IKDC showed that in the first month, the majority of the patients, both in group A (85.7%) and in group B (76.9%), presented a knee assessment that was close to normal. In the sixth month, 92.9% of group A had normal presentations, and 100% of group B.CONCLUSION: According to the Lysholm functional evaluation and the IKDC subjective assessment, there was no statistically significant difference in the results between the groups, and the results were better in the sixth month.
OBJETIVO: Comparar o resultado funcional do tratamento cirúrgico da reconstrução anatômica do ligamento cruzado anterior (LCA) com banda única com o uso de dois tipos de enxerto autólogos.MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados prospectivamente 27 pacientes, submetidos à reconstrução anatômica do LCA pela técnica de Chambat, divididos em dois grupos: A, com 14 e uso como enxerto dos tendões flexores; e B, com 13 e uso como enxerto do tendão patelar. Em ambos os grupos foi feita fixação com parafuso de interferência absorvível.RESULTADOS: Com base no escore de Lysholm, o grupo A apresentou pontuação média de 71,6 no primeiro mês, enquanto o B apresentou 75. Já no fim do sexto mês ambos apresentaram 96,6. A avaliação do IKDC total mostrou que no primeiro mês a maioria dos pacientes, tanto no grupo A (85,7%) no grupo B (76,9%), apresentava uma avaliação do joelho próximo do normal e no sexto mês o grupo A apresentou 92,9% como normal e o grupo B, 100%.CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados, segundo avaliação funcional de Lysholm e subjetiva do IKDC, não apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos e foram melhores no sexto mês.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the incidence of wrist ligament and cartilage associated fractures of the distal radius, through arthroscopy, correlating with AO/ASIF classification. METHODS: Thirty patients aged between 20 and 50 years old, with closed fracture from groups B and C according to AO/ASIF classification were selected. All of them were submitted to wrist arthroscopy to address intra-articular injuries and reduction and osteosynthesis of the fracture. RESULTS: A high incidence of intra-articular injuries was noticed, and 76.6% of them presented injury of the triangular fibrocartilage complex, 36.6% of the intrinsic scapholunate ligament, 6.6% of the intrinsic triquetrolunate ligament, and 33% articular cartilage injury larger than three millimeters. Patients with fractures from type C according to AO/ASIF classification presented a higher incidence of ligament injuries. CONCLUSION: There is no relationship between the presence of chondral injury and the AO/ASIF classification of the fractures in the cases reported in this study. Level of Evidence III, Non Randomized Controlled Trial.