Fructooligosaccharides (FOS) are food ingredients applied due to combination of prebiotic benefits and interesting technological properties, being used as a sugar substitute. The knowledge of their physicochemical characteristics is important for predicting the stability of the food products where they are added. For this reason, a saccharides powder extracted from yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius) roots by membrane technology and freeze-dried was investigated. Color, water activity (aw), microstructure by Scanning Electron Microscopy coupled to Energy- dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and crystallinity by X-ray diffraction were evaluated. The obtained product, containing 19.75% FOS, 36.66% glucose and 43.59% fructose (w/w) was a whitish granulated powder, with aw of 0.284 and CIELAB color coordinates L*, a* and b* of 76.25±1.19, -1.03±0.09 and 1.02±0.03, respectively. It was highly hygroscopic and with agglomeration tendency, confirmed by the formation of bridges between particles on the SEM images. No peaks were identified at X-ray diffractograms, indicating its amorphous characteristics, but sample high hygrospicity and formation of a rigid mass might have hampered a trustable X-ray analysis.
This study evaluates the intrinsic quality of red wines from Rio Grande do Sul in comparison with their main competitors from Argentina and Chile. The organoleptic was evaluated by 31 consumers from Porto Alegre - representing the social segment with the upper purchasing power. The test proposed hedonic scales to evaluate the organoleptic attributes of the wines. The statistical analysis was based on the ANOVA and Tukey tests. The results demonstrated that the intrinsic quality perception of red wines produced in Rio Grande do Sul do not restrain the industry competitiveness which can be strengthened by consistent marketing strategies.
Avaliou-se a percepção da qualidade intrínseca dos vinhos finos tintos elaborados no Rio Grande do Sul em comparação com seus principais concorrentes da Argentina e Chile. A análise sensorial foi realizada por 31 consumidores da classe de maior poder aquisitivo de Porto Alegre. O teste de aceitação propôs escalas hedônicas para avaliar os atributos sensoriais dos produtos. A análise estatística valeu-se de ANOVA e teste de Tukey. Os resultados demonstraram que a qualidade intrínseca dos vinhos brasileiros não representa um fator restritivo à competitividade do setor que pode ser alavancada com o desenvolvimento de estratégias de marketing consistentes.