Multiphasic bioceramic scaffolds has been enhanced for dental and orthopedic applications. In this perspective, the laser surface texturing of metallic surfaces combined to bioactive calcium phosphate coatings have shown to be promising and economically feasible for biomaterial clinical applications. Ti-15Mo alloy samples were irradiated by pulsed Yb: YAG laser beam. The formation of HA and other calcium phosphates phases by biomimetic method should occur in the presence of Ca2+, PO43-, Mg2+, HCO3-, K+ and Na+. The modified surfaces were submitted to thermal treatment at 380 and 580°C. The results showed the processes of fusion and fast solidification from the laser beam irradiation, inducing the formation of stoichiometric α-Ti, TiO2 and non-stoichiometric titanium oxides, Ti3O and Ti6O with different oxide percentages depending on applied fluency (fluency of 0.023, 0.033, 0.040 and 0.048 J/mm2). The morphological and physicochemical properties have indicated the formation of a multiphase bioceramic coatings. It was observed the formation of amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), octacalcium phosphate (OCP), and magnesium phosphate (Mg3(PO4)2) phases at 380°C, whereas β-TCP (tricalcium phosphate), OCP, and substituted β-TCP with Ca2,589Mg0,41(PO4)2 were obtained at 580°C. Therefore, the multiphasic bioceramic modified Ti-15Mo surface could enhance osteointegration for bone regeneration.
The reaction between antigen and antibody has been widely used in many strategies for the development of analytical methodology, due to its high specificity. The immuno-reaction has been successfully employed for the biosensor development. A focus on biosensor based on immunoassay coupled to amperometric transducer is presented.
A fim de estudar a reação de afinidade entre os anticorpos anti-atrazina e a atrazina, uma enzima foi incorporada, como marcador, a um derivado carboxílico da atrazina. O hapteno foi caracterizado por espectometria de massa (EM), infravermelho (IV) e ressonância magnética nuclear (RMN). A interação entre anticorpos monoclonal e o conjugado de hapteno-HRP foram determinados pelo ensaio imunoenzimático (ELISA).
In order to study the affinity reaction between the anti-atrazine antibody and atrazine, an enzyme was incorporated, as a marker, to an atrazine carboxylic derivative. The hapten and conjugate were synthesized and characterized by MS, IR and NMR. The interaction between monoclonal antibodies and hapten-HRP conjugate was investigated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).