ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To compare the two lines suture (total and seromuscular) after partial gastrectomy in normal and overweight rats. METHODS: Forty Wistar rats were distributed in two groups. Group A received normal diet; group B, normal diet and supplementation with saccharose in the water. When group B progressed to a statistically greater weight than the animals of group A, the experiment (sleeve-like gastrectomy) was conducted with gastrorraphy in two sutures lines (total and seromuscular).The animals were distributed into two subgroups of 10. A1 and A2 subgroups were sacrificed at 7 and 14 days postoperatively as well as B1 and B2. Mortality, morbidity, complications attributed to the gastric suture, biochemical dosages, Lee index, macroscopy, weight of retroperitoneal and gonadal fat, optical microscopy with hematoxylin-eosin and picrosirius-red, were the evaluation parameters. RESULTS: The overweight group achieved statistically greater weight after 16 weeks in induced obesity; there was no mortality or complications with clinical consequences attributable to morbidity. The overweight group had statistically greater weight of gonadal and retroperitoneal fat. The difference was observed in urea, albumin, total cholesterol and indirect bilirubin. CONCLUSION: There was no outcome difference between the overweight and non-overweight group in two suture lines in gastrorrhaphy after sleeve-like gastrectomy.
PURPOSE: To compare sutures with polypropylene and poliglecaprone 25 after partial cecotomy in rats. METHODS: Thirty six rats divided into two groups, A and B, of 18 animals; each group was also divided into three subgroups of six animals sacrificed at 4th, 7th and 14th days after surgery. Were studied the mortality, morbidity, complications attributable to sutures, macroscopy, optical microscopy and measurement of hydroxyproline at the level of the suture. RESULTS: There were no deaths or wound complications such as hematoma, seroma, abscess, evisceration or eventration. On microscopic evaluation reepithelization, coaptation and inflammation in both groups did not differ significantly. The average rate of tissue hydroxyproline found in the samples on the 4th day after surgery, was 21.38 mg/g tissue for group A and 16.68 mg/g for group B; on day 7 after surgery, the average was 15.64 mg/g tissue for group A and 26.53 mg/g for group B; on day 14, the average was 8.09 mg/g tissue for group A and 25.07 mg/g for group B. CONCLUSION: There were no differences on clinical evolution, macroscopic aspect, microscopic data and hydroxyproline concentration on both sutures.
OBJETIVO: Comparar a sutura com fio de polipropileno e poliglecaprone 25 após cecotomia parcial em ratos. MÉTODOS: Trinta e seis ratos foram distribuídos em dois grupos A e B de 18 animais, e cada grupo foi dividido em três subgrupos de seis, sacrificados no 4º, 7º e 14º dias do pós-operatório. Estudou-se a mortalidade, morbidade, complicações atribuíveis às suturas, macroscopia, microscopia ótica e dosagem de hidroxiprolina no nível da sutura. RESULTADOS: Não houve mortalidade ou complicações da ferida operatória como hematoma, seroma, abscesso, evisceração ou eventração. Na avaliação microscópica os critérios de re-epitelização, coaptação e processo inflamatório ambos os grupos não apresentaram diferença significativa. A taxa tecidual média da hidroxiprolina encontrada nas amostras no 4º dia de pós-operatório foi de 21,38 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 16,68 mg/g para o grupo B; no 7º dia a média foi de 15,64 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 26,53 mg/g para o grupo B; no 14º dia ela foi de 8,09 mg/g de tecido para o grupo A e 25,07 mg/g para o grupo B. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve diferença estatística entre a evolução clínica, avaliação macroscópica, microscopia e dosagem de hidroxiprolina entre as suturas realizadas com os fios estudados.