Abstract Background Anatomopathological staging is the primary method to determine the prognosis of patients with colorectal carcinoma (CRC). However, new tools have been developed that can complement it, such as the analysis of the elevation of systemic inflammatory markers. Objective To evaluate the impact of the elevation of scores based on inflammatory markers (the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio [NLR], the Glasgow Prognostic Score [GPS], and isolated C-reactive protein [CRP]) in the prognosis of patients diagnosed with CRC and submitted to potentially curative surgery in Hospital de Braga, Portugal, between January 1st, 2005, and December 31st, 2010. Methods A retrospective analysis of the data of 426 patients was performed, with a collection of several clinico-pathological variables, as well as the levels of lymphocytes, neutrophils, albumin and CRP, in the pre- and postoperative periods, to apply the different scores to the sample. Results From the analysis of the survival curves, we concluded that patients with increased NLR in the pre- and postoperative periods present a lower cancer-related survival than patients with normal NLR (preoperative period: 93.7 versus 122 months; p<0.001; postoperative period: 112 versus 131 months; p=0.002). Patients with increased NLR in the pre- and postoperative periods also had a lower disease-free survival (preoperative period: 88.0 versus 122 months; p<0.001; postoperative period: 111 versus 132 months; p=0.002). In addition, increased pre- and postoperative NLR was associatedwith a higher risk of death due to CRC (preoperatively: hazard ratio [HR]=2.25; p<0.001; postoperatively: HR=2.18; p=0.003). However, the multivariate analysis shows that only postoperative NLR (ajusted HR =2.66; p=0.002) does so independently of the remaining variables. Conclusion Regarding the scores applied to the sample, the NLR was the one that most consistently related to the prognosis of the patients. However, it would be useful to develop a prospective study that could confirm this relationship.
CONTEXTO: Como a anoretocele está sempre associada a prolapso mucoso e/ou intussuscepção retal, foi desenvolvida uma técnica cirúrgica grampeada, utilizando somente um grampeador mecânico. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar os resultados do estudo multicêntrico que realizou o tratamento cirúrgico de pacientes com anorretocele associado a prolapso mucoso, utilizando o reparo transanal da retocele e mucosectomia com grampeador circular mecânico. MÉTODO: Foram incluídos 75 pacientes, média de idade 49,6 anos, com sintomas de evacuação obstruída, apresentando escore médio de constipação de Wexner de 16 e diagnóstico de anorretocele grau II (26.7%), grau III (73,3%) associado a prolapso mucoso e intussuscepção (52%). Todos foram avaliados com exame proctológico, defecografia, manometria anorretal e tempo de trânsito colônico. O procedimento cirúrgico foi realizado por 14 cirurgiões e consiste na remoção manual da parede do reto no local da retocele e mucosectomia circunferencial com um grampeador circular mecânico. O seguimento médio foi de 21 meses. RESULTADOS: Os pacientes apresentavam sintomas de evacuação obstruída, mesmo após tratamento clinico. O tempo operatório médio foi de 42 minutos. Houve sangramento transanal na linha de sutura em 13 (17,3%) pacientes, sutura grampeada incompleta em 2 (2,6%) e dor retal persistente em 3 (4,0%). O tempo médio de internação hospitalar foi de 1 dia em 49 (65,3%) e 2 dias em 34,7%. Ocorreu redução na linha de sutura em 7 (9,3%), sendo necessário estricturotomia cirúrgica sob anestesia (n = 1), utilizando "hot biopsy" (n = 3) e dilatação anal (3). Defecografia no pós-operatório demonstrou anorretocele residual grau I em 8 (10.6%). O escore de constipação de Wexner reduziu 16 para 4 (0-4: n = 68) (6: n = 6) (7: n = 1) (P<0.0001). CONCLUSÃO: O resultado do estudo multicêntrico demonstrou que a técnica cirúrgica apresentada é segura e efetiva para tratamento da anorretocele associada a prolapso mucoso. Apresenta baixo custo pois utiliza um grampeador circular mecânico.
CONTEXT: Since anorectocele is usually associated with mucosa prolapse and/or rectal intussusceptions, it was developed a stapled surgical technique using one circular stapler. OBJECTIVE: To report the results of Transanal Repair of Rectocele and Rectal Mucosectomy with one Circular Stapler (TRREMS procedure) in the treatment of anorectocele with mucosa prolapse in a prospective multicenter trial. METHODS: It was conducted by 14 surgeons and included 75 female patients, mean aged 49.6 years, with symptoms of obstructed defecation due to grade 2 (26.7%) and grade 3 (73.3%) anorectocele associated with mucosa prolapse and/or rectal intussusception (52.0%) and an average validated Wexner constipation score of 16. All patients were evaluated by a proctological examination, cinedefecography, anal manometry and colonic transit time. The TRREMS procedure consists of the manual removal of the rectocele wall with circumferential rectal mucosectomy performed with a circular stapler. The mean follow-up time was 21 months. RESULTS: All patients presented obstructed defecation and they persisted with symptoms despite conservative treatment. The mean operative time was 42 minutes. In 13 (17.3%) patients, bleeding from the stapled line required hemostatic suture. Stapling was incomplete in 2 (2.6%). Forty-nine patients (65.3%) required 1 hospitalization day, the remainder (34.7%) 2 days. Postoperatively, 3 (4.0%) patients complained of persistent rectal pain and 7 (9.3%) developed stricture on the stapled suture subsequently treated by stricturectomy under anesthesia (n = 1), endoscopic stricturectomy with hot biopsy forceps (n = 3) and digital dilatation (n = 3). Postoperative cinedefecography showed residual grade I anorectoceles in 8 (10.6%). The mean Wexner constipation score decreased significantly from 16 to 4 (0-4: n = 68) (6: n = 6) (7: n = 1) (P<0.0001). CONCLUSION: Current trial results suggest that TRREMS procedure is a safe and effective technique for the treatment of anorectocele associated with mucosa prolapse. The stapling technique is low-cost as requires the use of a single circular stapler.