Abstract Mitochondrial Myopathy is a rare pathology caused by a defect in the mitochondrial DNA metabolism, leading to defects in the formation of adenosine triphosphate, in the Krebs citric acid cycle, fatty acid oxidation and oxidative phosphorylation. It is manifested by exercise intolerance, muscle fatigue on small efforts, muscle weakness, tachycardia, and difficulty breathing. There are few case reports on the operative management of adult patients suffering from mitochondrial myopathy. With this report, we intend to describe the anesthetic management of a patient with mitochondrial myopathy who underwent laparoscopic gastroplasty and outline some anesthetic considerations about this pathology.
Resumo A pentalogia de Cantrell é uma anomalia congênita associada a defeitos na formação da parede abdominal, do esterno, diafragma e pericárdio diafragmático, além do desenvolvimento de anomalias cardíacas. É uma doença rara, com incidência estimada em um caso para cada 65.000 nascimentos, mais comum no sexo masculino (60% dos casos). Apresenta prognóstico reservado com mortalidade em torno de 63% e sobrevida após procedimento cirúrgico de no máximo nove meses. São escassos os relatos de casos referentes à pentalogia de Cantrell, o que se justifica pela raridade dessa patologia. Com este relato, os autores objetivam descrever um caso cirúrgico, em paciente do sexo feminino, e tecer algumas considerações anestésicas sobre essa malformação congênita rara.
Abstract Pentalogy of Cantrell is a congenital anomaly associated with defects in the abdominal wall, sternum, diaphragm, and diaphragmatic pericardium formation, in addition to the development of cardiac abnormalities. It is a rare disease with an estimated incidence of one case for every 65,000 births, being more common in males (60% of cases). It has a reserved prognosis with mortality around 63%, and a maximum of 9 months survival after surgery. There are few case reports addressing the pentalogy of Cantrell, which is justified by the rarity of this pathology. In this report our objective was to describe a surgical case of a female patient and make some anesthetic considerations about this rare congenital malformation.