This paper describes the optimization of a sample preparation method using response surface methodology for Al, Cd, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni and Ti determinations in samples of rice husk and rice husk ash by MIP OES. Sample preparation was performed using a reflux system adapted to the digestion tubes. This system allowed the decomposition of the samples without the necessity of replacement of the acids during this step without any loss of volatile elements. The decompositions were performed with 3.6 mL of HNO3 and 1.4 mL of H2SO4 for 205 min in a digester block at 225 ºC. The detection limit for determination of respective analytes in both samples were satisfactory. The RSDs for the analytes were less than 10%. Moreover, the accuracy of the method can be verified by recovery tests, whose values ranged from 82 to 115% for husk samples and 82 to 120% for ashes. The proposed method was presented as a simple, safe and low cost procedure being suitable for sample preparation and subsequent determination of metals by MIP OES.
This paper describes the method optimization using response surface methodology for Cu, Fe, Zn and Na determinations in coal and ash samples by spectrometry techniques. The sample preparation was performed using a recirculation system adapted in the digestion tubes. This system allowed increase of temperature in the digester block above the boiling point of the reaction medium, avoiding acid evaporation during the heating. The digestions were realized with HNO3 and H2O2 for 1 h in a digester block at 145 °C. The limits of detection for determination of Cu, Fe, Zn and Na in both samples were satisfactory. The RSD for the analytes were lower than 6.0%. Statistical tests showed that results for all analytes do not vary significantly with official method (ASTM), considering a confidence limit of 95%. Besides, the accuracy was verified by recovery tests, whose values ranged from 92.7 to 104.7% in coal, and 98.7 to 115.3% in ash.