Foi estudada uma coleção de malófagos depositada no Museu de História Natural da Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Vinte e três amostras provenientes de 16 espécies de aves foram identificadas, dentre as quais uma nova espécie do gênero Plegadiphilus Bedford, 1939 é descrita, ilustrada e comparada com P. cayennensis Emerson & Price, 1969. Uma lista atualizada com as espécies de malófagos registradas em aves no Estado do Rio Grande do Sul é apresentada.
A collection of chewing lice was studied from the Natural History Museum of the Universidade Católica de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Twenty three samples from 16 bird species were examined. Included therein was a new species of the genus Plegadiphilus Bedford, 1939 which is described, illustrated and compared to P. cayennensis Emerson & Price, 1969. An updated list of chewing lice species recorded from birds of that state is presented.
Aspects related to the longevity and oviposition of Ophyra albuquerquei Lopes, 1985 are studied. Males had a mean lifespan longer than females (40.24 vs. 33.15 days, respectively), while still possessing qualitative advantages during this period. Females O. albuquerquei were fed on powdered milk, fish flour, refined sugar and water, and provided fish flour and moistened sawdust for oviposition. The length of the oviposition period for females was 46.75 days, and most of the deposition of the eggs occurred in the first days of the colony. Females completed 50% of their egg deposition by Day 16, seven days before the large last mortality peak and about 12 days after the first oviposition in the colony. Females deposited an average of 184 eggs per individual. Mortality of males, unlike females, was low until the 28th day, and increased thereafter. It was demonstrated that it is possible to maintain colonies of this species under laboratory conditions for at least 28 days with high fertility and low cost.