Avaliou-se a taxa de desaparecimento e a digestibilidade da silagem de restos culturais do abacaxizeiro (SRA) em substituição à silagem de cana-de-açúcar aditivada com 0,5% de ureia (SC) na alimentação de ovinos. Foram utilizados cinco cordeiros, raça Santa Inês, alocados em delineamento experimental quadrado latino 5X5, alimentados com dietas contendo 13,5% de PB e 63,0% de NDT. Foram avaliadas cinco dietas definidas da seguinte forma: 100% de SRA: 0% SC (100A); 75% SRA: 25% SC (75A); 50% SRA: 50% SC (50A); 25% SRA: 75% SC (25A) e 0% SRA: 100% SC(0A). Não houve diferença (P>0,05) entre os tratamentos para consumo de matéria-seca, digestibilidade da matéria seca (DMS) e para a digestibilidade da fibra em detergente neutro (DFDN) com a adição de SRA. Houve aumento (P<0,05) da taxa de desaparecimento de MS (Kd,%/h) do rúmen com a adição de SRA e o pH ruminal diminuiu (P<0,05) de forma linear com a adição de SRA. Em função da taxa de desaparecimento de MS do rúmen, digestibilidade e consumo de MS pode-se utilizar a silagem de restos culturais do abacaxizeiro (SRA) em substituição à silagem de cana-de-açúcar+0,5% ureia (SC) na alimentação de ovinos.
We evaluated the disappearance rate and the digestibility of pineapple stalk silage (PSS) as a replacement to sugarcane silage added 0.5% urea (SCS) in sheep feed. We used five non-castrated male Santa Inês lambs, arranged in a 5x5 Latin Square, fed diets containing 13.5% CP and 63% TDN. We evaluated the following treatments: 100% PSS:0% SCS (100P); 75% PSS:25% SCS (75P); 50% PSS:50% SCS (50P); 25% PSS:75% SCS (25P) and 0% PSS:100% SCS (0P). There were no differences (P>0,05) among treatments for DM intake (597.27 g/day), DM digestibility (DMD) and neutral detergent fiber digestibility (NDFD) (P>0.05) with PSS inclusion. There was an increase in the ruminal digesta dry matter disappearance (%/h) and a linear decrease in ruminal pH (P<0.05) with PSS addition. Regarding DM disappearance, digestibility and intake, pineapple stalk silage may be used as a replacement to sugarcane silage+0.5% urea (SCS in sheep feed.
In early 2003, the Brazilian government accelerated the decision process on analog to digital transition of terrestrial TV broadcast infrastructure, naming this initiative The Brazilian Digital Television System (SBTVD). This paper describes the access device architecture we have proposed for the SBTVD, as well as related issues. We focused on several requirements among which: flexibility to support the social economical diversity enabling market implementations that can vary on cost, complexity and applications; digital inclusion targeting a minimal cost architecture providing a simple access device to information and services by convergent broadcast and point-to-point telecommunication means; and scalability targets incorporating state-of-the-art technology, considering emerging services and the current legacy analog TV infrastructure available in Brazil. We cover the following specific topics: an architecture overview considering scalability, interoperability and regional and international requirements, operating system and middleware interfaces, audio and video coding formats and associate standards, technical and economical analysis, usability and user interface consistency. Finally two prototypes for the outlined access device architecture are reported.